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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Auditor General Pakistan (AGPR) officials informed the committee that the office of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Commissioner for Afghan Refugees, working under the Ministry of SAFRON, made available an amount of Rs 5.
The SaFRon 6000 series, which already includes SaFRon 6601 and SaFRon 6602, offers the best solution for rigid polyurethane applications in accordance with the German class B2 according to DIN 4102, part 1, as well as the French M1 class according to NF P 92-501.
A Control Room has also been established in the SAFRON Ministry to provide rehabilitation services for the IDPs that is working round-the-clock and providing every type of information.
Our government is determine and will introduce the local government system in FATA quite earlier than local bodies' elections across the country", said the minister for SAFRON.
He said that according to the president NAB ordinance all FATA administrators had been brought under SAFRON ministry and the administrators would be audited.
The Minister for SAFRON directed the Director General of FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) to arrange immediately meeting of the concerned quarters at Ministry to address the IDPs problems on war footing basis.
Muhammad Nazir khan, Begum Tahir Bukhari, Iffat Liaqat, Bilal Rehman, Bismillah khan, Nasir khan, Sahibzada Tariq Ullah, and Mian Shahid Hussain Khan Bhatti and Federal Minister for SAFRON and Officers / officials of Ministry FATA sect and Afghan Commissionarate
In this regard, discussions are already underway among SAFRON, UNHCR and NADRA to finalise the card renewal modalities.
Saleh Shah said on Tuesday that the development of the SAFRON region was linked to timely release of funds.
This was stated at a joint press briefing, held by the Ministry of SAFRON and the UN Refugee Agency here.
Rehman Malik assured the federal minister SAFRON that soon he will visit Dir and Chitral and would personally review the issues related to passport and NADRA issues.
Secretary SAFRON apprised the committee that there are certain mafias working in the tribal belt, which put hurdles in the way of reforms and development projects as powerful elements back these cartels and even the FATA Secretariat cannot take action against them.