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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
For more information, or for interviews with Kristina Saffran, Liana Rosenman, Benjamin O'Keefe, or Evelyn Attia, MD, please contact Amy Maitner at 407-902-4913 or by email at pr@theprojectheal.
Complete and thorough property, employee and DRP information for each location would also be a major benefit in the renewal process-and should result in reduction in premiums," adds Saffran.
Rawlings DJ, Saffran DC, Tsukata S, Largaespada DA, Grimoldi JC, Cohen L, et al.
Saffran was a resident at Massachusetts General Hospital when he did some work on this invention, said his lawyer, Eric Albritton.
Theoretically, JBR should provide infants or toddlers with a wealth of cognitive, linguistic, and educational advantages (Moerk, 1985) that would greatly help them in perceiving, parsing, and eventually recognizing various aspects of the language stream (Aslin, Saffran, & Newport, 1998; Jusczyk, 1997; Jusczyk & Hohne, 1997) at a critical juncture in the developmental course of language acquisition.
A few of their handsome guildhalls, namely Zimmerleute (carpenters and builders guild) and Saffran (wholesale merchants and traders guild), with their atmospheric decorations reflecting past glory, are among the city's most popular restaurants.
Kasper, Hirschel, Geoffrey Woglom, Vernon Dixon, David Colander, Roger Kaufman, Bernard Saffran, Mark Kupperberg, Carolyn Shaw Bell, Gary Yohe, and Michael McPherson.
Throw in a swell group of supporting actors - Peter Scolari, Christina Saffran Ashford and Brooks Almy, Bob Amaral and Mary Garripoli - and you'll see why the squares in ``Pajama Game'' are the coolest cats this side of ``Chicago.
The Company will host a press conference in English today at 1000hrs CET in Zunfthaus zur Saffran in Zurich and a conference call in English at 1500hrs CET.
But for infants who are just starting out, it's presumably more difficult, said Jenny Saffran, one of the authors of the new study.
The general interest on this issue is also evidenced by the fact that the article is recommended for further reading by Saffran [3].
With this system, we can now maintain comprehensive membership profiles, so we can match our services to a member's special interests within the legal profession," adds Saffran.