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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Saffran mistreated the ailing bay mare by refusing to euthanize her, neglecting to provide proper medical care and treatment to deal with the horse's arthritis and failing medical condition, and employing abusive methods to get the horse to rise and move, such as throwing cold water on the animal or pushing or pulling her aggressively.
Saffran could face up to 5 years in a state prison, up to 2-1/2 years in the Worcester County Jail and House of Correction in West Boylston, up to a $2,500 fine, or both a fine and imprisonment.
Saffran and his lawyer quickly left the courthouse after the hearing.
Triggers are everywhere in eating disorder recovery," Saffran said.
Kristina Saffran graduated from Harvard College with a bachelors degree in psychology in May of 2014, and is currently serving as the interim executive director of Project HEAL.
Schwart, Marin y Saffran (1979) reportaron un paciente con DS que tenia preservado el uso de los objetos pero manifestaba importantes dificultades para recuperar los nombres de estos y agruparlos en categorias semanticas.
Thiessen, Hill & Saffran (2005) have also shown that the linguistic features of child-directed speech facilitate infants' detection of statistical regularities in the stream of speech (see also Thiessen & Saffran, 2007 or Werker, Pons, Dietrich, Kajikawa, Fais & Amano, 2007).
However, it has also been found that some patients are still able to read low-frequency words accurately despite exhibiting semantic impairments (see Schwartz, Marin & Saffran, 1979).
Evidence shows that infants are particularly sensitive to word-initial and word-final phonological information (Fais, Kajikawa, Amano, & Werker, 2009; Saffran, Aslin, & Newport, 1996).
This quote by Stephane Dufoix can be contrasted to popular sentiment in previous years when scholars like when William Saffran (1991) observed that scholarship on ethnicity and immigration paid "little if any attention.
To paraphrase William Saffran (1991), Cuban food in the United States has contributed greatly to the restoration of the "original Cuba" left behind.
2003), "Being Somebody and Nobody: A Reexamination of the Understanding of Self in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism," in Saffran, J.