splenic rupture

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splenic rupture

An abdominal catastrophe marked by severe, often pleuritic pain, hemodynamic instability, blood loss into the peritoneum, and occasionally cardiovascular collapse and death. It may occur as a result of trauma or rarely in patients with infectious mononucleosis. Treatment may be conservative or may involve removal of the spleen. In delayed rupture of the spleen, a catastrophic illness may not present until days or weeks after the causative injury.
See also: rupture


pertaining to the spleen.

splenic abscess
caused by hematogenous spread of an infection elsewhere, by penetration by a foreign body from the reticulum in cattle, by ulceration from the stomach in the horse. Manifested by fever and toxemia, pain on palpation over the spleen and by a positive paracentesis sample.
splenic artery
see Table 9.
splenic corpuscle
lymph nodules in the splenic matrix.
splenic displacement
may be detectable on palpation. Usually caused by displacement of the stomach or intestine to which the spleen is attached.
splenic enlargement
splenic fever
splenic hyperfunction
splenic meridian points
acupuncture points situated along the splenic meridian.
splenic phosphodiesterase
a ribonuclease that is a 5′→3′ exonuclease.
splenic rupture
only likely in a grossly enlarged spleen, e.g. in bovine viral leukosis.
splenic torsion
a twisting or rotation of the spleen on its vascular pedicle, often in association with gastric dilatation-volvulus in large breed dogs, results in primarily venous congestion and possibly thrombosis and infarction. Clinical signs include abdominal distention and pain, vomiting, and in acute cases cardiovascular collapse and shock.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his career, the dad of three has had 13 broken bones, three dislocations and even a ruptured spleen.
Dad-of-three Ruby has recovered from 14 broken bones, two dislocations and even a ruptured spleen in his career.
Scott underwent surgery to have two titanium rods clamped to either side of his spine and had his ruptured spleen removed.
Taylor was not hurt but his passenger suffered a fractured spine, and the drivers of the other cars suffered broken ribs, a broken leg, a fractured vertebra, and ruptured spleen.
Case one was a female patient with a ruptured spleen and case two was a male with a knife penetrating into his chest.
Mr Verdi, a 45-year-old baker, suffered a ruptured spleen, a collapsed lung and fractures to his ribs and vertebrae.
Connacht are missing outsidehalf Jack Carty, who could be ruled out for up to three months after suffering a ruptured spleen while on holiday in Dubai.
The man was arrested after his partner, 27, a British national, reported to police that she had suffered a ruptured spleen.
The opportunity to provide appropriate care to treat his ruptured spleen and prevent critical collapse of the venous system would not have been lost and on the balance of probabilities the loss of his life could have been prevented.
Dobrev informed that she had a ruptured spleen, vertebral fracture, three broken ribs, and facial trauma, adding that she was undergoing surgery for the ruptured spleen.
The man also suffered a ruptured spleen and broken ribs.