Ruminococcus

Ruminococcus

(rū'mi-nō-kok'us),
A genus of anaerobic, gram-positive coccobacilli isolated from the respiratory tract of humans and the intestinal tract of humans and animals. The type species is Ruminococcus productus, formerly Peptostreptococcus productus.

Ru·mi·no·coc·cus

(rū'mi-nō-kok'ŭs)
A genus of anaerobic, gram-positive coccobacilli isolated from the respiratory tract of humans and the intestinal tract of humans and animals. The type species is R. productus, formerly Peptostreptococcus productus.

Ruminococcus

(roo″mĭ-nō-kok′ŭs)
A genus of anaerobic gram-positive bacteria found in the intestinal tract of humans and other animals.

Ruminococcus

ruminal bacteria which participate in bacterial fermentation of ingested plant material; includes R. albus, R. flavefaciens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traver presented data showing that exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics may be a trigger in the development of autism and findings that the intestinal microbiota of children with regressive autism is disrupted with an increase in Clostridium and Ruminococcus species.
The primary bacteria in additives include a variety of aerobes and facultative anaerobes such as members of the genera Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Ruminococcus, Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, and others (Scow).
Researchers have found a way to combine strains of fiber-digesting Ruminococcus and Clostridium bacteria with scrap plant material--wood chips, crop residue, even recycled newspapers--to make a fermentation product with powerful adhesive properties.
Ruminococcus albus, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, and Fibrobacter succinogenes are dominant cellulolytic bacteria existing in the rumen.
Stroke patients in the new study tended to fall into the category characterized by Ruminococcus bacteria.
10) Analysis of 39 intestinal microbiome metagenomes of adults from four European countries, the United States, and Japan indicates individuals have one of these three enterotypes, which are characterized by higher proportions of Bacteroides, Prevotella, or Ruminococcus species.
So far, the researchers have found that the most common bacteria in fresh swine manure include those in the genera Clostridium, Lactobacillus, and Ruminococcus, while the most common in swine waste pits include a mix of Clostridium, Streptococcus, and Peptostreptococcus.
PCR primers: The PCR primer sets (Table 2) used in this study for amplification of total bacteria, Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus albus, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, methanogenic archaea, and ciliate protozoa were from the published reports (Koike and Kobayashi, 2001; Denman and McSweeney, 2005; Skillman et al.
People with the Bacteroides enterotype have an abundance of Bacteroides bacteria and several associated types, while people with Prevotella and Ruminococcus enterotypes have more of those bacteria.
Likewise, Ruminococcus is among the genera reported to be a frequent inhabitant of the ileum in pigs (Dowd et al.
Ruminococcus albus lives in the rumina of cows, and Clostridium thermocellum is widespread in the environment.
Additionally, some cellulolytic bacteria species such as Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens and some rumen fungi species such as Neocallimastix frontalis and Piromyces rhizinflata are inhibited by saponins (Patra and Saxena, 2009).