231) In addition, President Obama previously created incentives for states to invest in early childhood education through the RTTT Early Learning Challenge by offering states the chance to compete for $500 million in discretionary grants if they expanded early childhood education to young children of low-income families.
Most recently, some scholars condemn the shortcomings and implementation of NCLB and RTTT.
CHANGE 251, 264-65 (2012) (arguing that RTTT does not benefit many children who need education reform and funding and that children in losing states will be omitted from the reforms that it incentivizes); Patrick McGuinn, Stimulating Reform: Race to the Top, Competitive Grants and the Obama Education Agenda, 26 Educ.
A good leading indicator of whether a state's heart will actually be in its reforms is whether it sees the RTTT as an engine for change or as bags of cash.
The first step is to not reflexively reward the states that improved their policies in response to the RTTT carrot.
When a state promises in its RTTT application to develop a new teacher-preparation system, the administration must pry: Is this really a new initiative or just a renaming of your existing certification process?