round ligament

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round ligament

Etymology: L, rotundus, round, ligare, to bind
1 a curved fibrous band that is attached at one end to the fovea of the head of the femur and at the other end to the transverse ligament of the acetabulum.
2 a fibrous cord extending from the umbilicus to the anterior part of the liver. It is the remnant of the umbilical vein.
3 in the female, a fibromuscular band that extends from the anterior surface of the uterus through the inguinal canal to the labium majora. The structure is homologous to the spermatic cord in the male.

round ligament

1. the ligament of the head of the femur which attaches to the acetabular fossa. Rupture usually accompanies dislocation of the hip.
2. the remnant of the fetal umbilical vein in the adult.
3. the remnant of the umbilical artery as it forms the cranial boundary to the lateral ligament of the bladder of the adult.
References in periodicals archive ?
Atypical pelvic localizations of endometriosis can occur at level of the cervix, vagina, round ligaments, ureter, and nerves.
Round ligament varicosity (RLV) is rare and almost all cases are pregnant women.
After delivery torsion of uterus, fallopian tubes, round ligament by about 1 % turns was identified.
Diagnosis of uterine inversion was confirmed with both round ligament seen within the depression (Figure-3).
The round ligament is transected, allowing the anterior and posterior leaves of the broad ligament to separate and be visualized.
Upward traction on the round ligaments from the abdominal approach can cause trauma and bleeding to these structures and may be unsuccessful for the same reasons that vaginal reduction often fails.
Laparotomy was performed and the round ligaments were ligated and divided in order to reduce the time needed for hysterectomy in case of excessive bleeding.
Note the attenuation of the round ligaments and the normal appearance of the tubes and ovaries (the left tube has a distal paratubal cyst.
Surgical repositioning can also be done through abdominal route using the Huntington procedure, which consists in locating the cup of uterus formed by the inversion, dilating the cervical ring digitally, and gentle upward traction of the round ligaments of the uterus [13].
We do not dissect the round ligaments, vesicouterine space, or ureters.