round ligament

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round ligament

Etymology: L, rotundus, round, ligare, to bind
1 a curved fibrous band that is attached at one end to the fovea of the head of the femur and at the other end to the transverse ligament of the acetabulum.
2 a fibrous cord extending from the umbilicus to the anterior part of the liver. It is the remnant of the umbilical vein.
3 in the female, a fibromuscular band that extends from the anterior surface of the uterus through the inguinal canal to the labium majora. The structure is homologous to the spermatic cord in the male.

round ligament

1. the ligament of the head of the femur which attaches to the acetabular fossa. Rupture usually accompanies dislocation of the hip.
2. the remnant of the fetal umbilical vein in the adult.
3. the remnant of the umbilical artery as it forms the cranial boundary to the lateral ligament of the bladder of the adult.
References in periodicals archive ?
The round ligament is transected, allowing the anterior and posterior leaves of the broad ligament to separate and be visualized.
The monopolar scissors are employed to incise the anterior leaf from where the round ligament was transected to the area just cephalad of the cervicovaginal ring and the border of the bladder, in a fashion similar to TAH (see photo 1).
A clear view of the uterine sidewall is created with retraction using a grasper on the remnant of the round ligament.
Upward traction on the round ligaments from the abdominal approach can cause trauma and bleeding to these structures and may be unsuccessful for the same reasons that vaginal reduction often fails.
Incise the posterior broad ligament laterally next to the round ligament over the psoas muscle, using endoscopic scissors.
Dissect to below the round ligament and lateral to the uterus.
The tubes and round ligaments are now directly in view.
Despite what is suggested in the accompanying surgical photos, the round ligaments cannot be considered structurally sound pelvic support devices.
On either side of the uterus, connecting it to the side wall of the pelvic cavity, is the broad ligament, which also encloses a Fallopian tube and an ovary and a ligament called a round ligament, which supports the uterus.