a small node that is solid and can be detected by touch.
Albini's n's gray nodules of the size of small grains, sometimes seen on the free edges of the atrioventricular valves of infants; they are remains of fetal structures.
apple jelly n's
minute, yellowish or reddish brown, translucent nodules, seen on diascopic examination of the lesions of lupus vulgaris
Aschoff's n's Aschoff's bodies.
Gamna n's brown or yellow pigmented nodules seen in the spleen in certain cases of enlargement, such as Gamna's disease and siderotic splenomegaly.
Jeanselme's n's (juxta-articular n's) gummata of tertiary syphilis and of nonvenereal treponemal diseases, located on joint capsules, bursae, or tendon sheaths.
milker's n's hard circumscribed nodules on the hands of those who milk cows affected with cowpox.
rheumatic n's small, round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodules made up chiefly of a mass of Aschoff's bodies and seen in rheumatic fever.
singer's n's vocal cord nodules.
surfer's n's hyperplastic, fibrosing granulomas occurring over bony prominences of the lower limbs and feet as a result of repeated trauma from kneeling on surfboards.
teacher's n's vocal cord nodules.
typhus n's minute nodules produced by perivascular infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and mononuclear cells in rickettsial disease; they were originally described in typhus.
nodule of vermis
the part of the vermis of the cerebellum
, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.
(vocal cord n's
) small white nodules appearing on the vocal cords in chorditis tuberosa
with excessive use of the voice; called also singer's nodes
and teacher's nodes
nod·ule (nod'yūl), [TA]
A small node; in skin, a node up to 1.0 cm in diameter, solid, with palpable depth; a pulmonary or pleural lesion seen on a radiographic image as a well-defined, discrete, roughly circular opacity 2-30 mm in diameter. Compare: mass
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]
nodule /nod·ule/ (nod´ūl) a small node or boss which is solid and can be detected by touch.nod´ular
Albini's nodules gray nodules of the size of small grains, sometimes seen on the free edges of the atrioventricular valves of infants; they are remains of fetal structures.
apple jelly nodules minute, yellowish or reddish brown, translucent nodules, seen on diascopic examination of the lesions of lupus vulgaris.
nodules of Arantius
see under body.
see under body.
Brenner nodules nodular masses of tumor in the cyst wall in cases of Brenner tumor.
Gamna nodules , Gandy-Gamna nodules brown or yellow pigmented nodules sometimes seen in the enlarged spleen, e.g., in Gamna's disease and siderotic splenomegaly.
juxtaarticular nodules gummata of tertiary syphilis and of nonvenereal treponemal diseases, located on joint capsules, bursae, or tendon sheaths.
Lisch nodules hamartomas of the iris occurring in neurofibromatosis.
2. a small, dense accumulation of lymphocytes within the lymph node cortex, expressing tissue cytogenetic and defense functions.
rheumatic nodules small, round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodules similar to Aschoff bodies; seen in rheumatic fever.
rheumatoid nodules subcutaneous nodules consisting of central foci of necrosis surrounded by palisade-like coronas of fibroblasts, seen in rheumatoid arthritis.
Schmorl's nodule an irregular or hemispherical bone defect in the upper or lower margin of the body of the vertebra.
typhus nodules minute nodules, originally described in typhus, produced by perivascular infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and mononuclear cells in typhus.
nodule of vermis the part of the vermis of the cerebellum, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.
vocal cord nodules singer's or teacher's nodes; small white nodule on the vocal cords in those who use their voice excessively.
1. A small knotlike protuberance.
2. Medicine A small, abnormal but usually benign mass of tissue, as on the thyroid gland, in the lung, or under the skin.
3. Botany A small knoblike outgrowth, especially one on the roots of a leguminous plant that contains bacteria that fix nitrogen.
4. Mineralogy A small rounded lump of a mineral or mixture of minerals, usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment.
nod′u·lar (nŏj′ə-lər), nod′u·lose′ (-lōs′)(-ləs), nod′u·lous (-ləs) adj.
Etymology: L, nodulus, small knot
1 a small node.
2 a small nodelike structure.
nodule The most commonly used medical term for a small node, bump, swelling, or protuberance.
nodule A small node, bump, swelling, protuberance. See Apple jelly nodule, Cold nodule, Hot nodule, Pseudorheumatoid nodule, Renal nodule, Rheumatoid nodule, Satellite nodule, Sister Mary Joseph nodule, Solitary thyroid nodule, Surfer's nodule, Tobacco nodule, Typhoid nodule, Warm nodule.
nod·ule (nod'yūl) [TA]
A small node.
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]
nodule (noj'ool?) [L. nodulus, little knot]
1. A small node.
2. A small cluster of cells.
A group of unencapsulated lymph nodules, such as Peyer's patches of the small intestine.
Albini's nodules See: Albini's nodules
apple jelly nodule
The jelly-like lesion of lupus vulgaris.
Arantius' nodule See: Arantius, Julius Caesar
Aschoff's nodules See: Aschoff's nodules
Bracht-Wachter nodulesBracht-Wachter bodies.
Lymph nodules located in the cortex of a lymph node.
laryngeal noduleSinger's node.
A mass of compact, densely staining lymphocytes forming the structural unit of lymphatic tissue. These nodules may occur singly, in groups (as in Peyer's patches), or in encapsulated organs such as lymph nodes. Each contains a lighter-staining germinal center where new lymphocytes are formed.
Small round density, 1 to 5 mm in diameter, as seen on the chest radiograph (e.g., in disseminated tuberculosis).
Painless smooth or warty lesions due to a poxvirus that is transmitted from the udders of infected cows to the hands of milkers. See: paravaccinia
Subcutaneous nodes of fibrous tissue that may be present in patients with rheumatic fever. See: subcutaneous nodule for illus.
Schmorl's noduleSchmorl's node.
nodule of the semilunar valveArantius' body.
Small brown nodules seen in the spleen and other organs and consisting of necrotic tissue encrusted by iron salts.
An isolated nodule of lymphatic tissue such as occurs in mucous membranes.
solitary pulmonary nodule
Any isolated mass lesion found in the lung, usually during an x-ray study performed for another reason. Most small masses that are identified in this way are benign, although smokers, patients already known to have cancer in another organ system, and older patients have an increased risk that a solitary nodule will be a new malignancy or a metastasis from another source.
The first step in evaluating a solitary lung nodule is to search for prior chest x-ray films. If the nodule can be found on films done many months or years earlier and has not changed in size, shape, or calcification, it is likely to be benign and can be followed conservatively. Newly identified lesions within the lung that were not previously present usually are evaluated with further studies, such as computed tomography of the lungs, sputum studies, or biopsies.
Small, nontender swellings resembling Aschoff's bodies and found over bony prominences in persons with rheumatic fever or rheumatoid arthritis (in rheumatoid arthritis, they are called rheumatoid nodules). See: illustration
Nodular swelling and possible bone changes of the area of the lower leg and foot exposed to pressure and trauma while on a surfboard. The nodules may be painful. Synonym: surfer's knots See: illustration
A visible or palpable mass in the thyroid gland, benign about 90% to 95% of the time. A history of radiation to the head or neck increases the likelihood that the lesion will be malignant, as does the appearance of the nodule in the first decades of life. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the first and often the definitive diagnostic test.
Nodules characteristic of typhoid fever and found in the liver.
Small nodules of the skin seen in typhus. They are composed of mononuclear cell infiltration around vessels.
nodule A small, solid knot-like lump of tissue occurring anywhere in the body. Nodules in the skin are easily felt. The term implies nothing about the nature of the lump.
A swelling or knob that may form on a tendon and make it difficult to slide smoothly through its sheath.
A small, circumscribed mass of tissue or an aggregation of cells.Busacca's nodule's
Nodules often found in the iris stroma of an eye affected by granulomatous uveitis (up to about 30% of cases). Syn.
floccules of Busacca. See iris nodules
Multiple, small yellow-white mounds consisting mainly of epithelial cells protruding through the retinal pigment epithelium. They are seen in the fundus of an eye with sympathetic ophthalmia, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome or some other granulomatous inflammations.iris nodule's
Small, solid elevations found on the iris and epithelial cells and lymphocytes. They are usually whitish or grey, depending on their location. See Busacca's nodules
; Koeppe's nodules
; Lisch nodule
Small nodules frequently found on the iris around the pupillary margin of an eye affected by granulomatous uveitis. See iris nodules
A small, abnormal, lightly pigmented swelling which develops on the surface of the iris in almost all patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 during the second or third decades of life. See von Recklinghausen's disease
1. A small node; in skin, a node up to 1.0 cm in diameter, solid, with palpable depth.
2. A pulmonary or pleural lesion seen on a radiographic image as a well-defined, discrete, roughly circular opacity.
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]
a small boss or node that is solid and can be detected by touch.
acral pruritic nodule
aggregated lymphatic n's
groups of small masses of lymphoid tissue. In the intestinal mucosae they are peyer's patches
nodule of Arantius
see semilunar valve nodule (below).
semilunar valve nodule
a small mass of fibrous tissue in the center of the free edge of each semilunar valve. Called also nodule of Arantius.
nodule of vermis
the part of the vermis of the cerebellum, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.