roentgen

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roentgen

 [rent´gen]
the international unit of x- or γ-radiation; it is the quantity of x- or γ-radiation such that the associated corpuscular emission per 0.001293 g of air produces, in air, ions carrying 1 electrostatic unit of electrical charge of either sign. Abbreviated R.

Roent·gen

(rĕnt'gĕn),
Wilhelm K., German physicist and Nobel laureate, 1845-1923. Discovered x-rays in November, 1895; awarded Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901 for his discovery. See: roentgen, roentgen ray.

roent·gen (R, r),

(rĕnt'gĕn, rent'chen),
The international unit of exposure dose for x-rays or gamma rays; that quantity of radiation that will produce, in 1 cc or 0.001293 g of air at STP, 2.08 × 109 ions of both signs, each totaling 1 electrostatic unit (esu) of charge; in the MKS system this is 2.58 × 10-4 coulombs per kg of air.
[Wilhelm K. Roentgen]

roentgen

/roent·gen/ (rent´gen) the international unit of x- or γ-radiation; it is the quantity of x- or γ-radiation such that the associated corpuscular emission per 0.001293 g of dry air produces in air ions carrying 1 electrostatic unit of electrical charge of either sign. Symbol R.

roentgen

also

röntgen

(rĕnt′gən, -jən, rŭnt′-)
n. Abbr. R or r
A unit of radiation exposure equal to the quantity of ionizing radiation that will produce one electrostatic unit of electricity in one cubic centimeter of dry air at 0°C and standard atmospheric pressure.

roent′gen adj.

roentgen (R)

[rent′gən, ren′jən]
Etymology: Wilhelm K. Roentgen, German physicist, 1845-1923
the quantity of x-radiation or gamma radiation that creates 1 electrostatic unit of ions in 1 mL of air at 0° and 760 mm of pressure. In radiotherapy or radiodiagnosis, the roentgen is the unit of the emitted dose. See also radiation absorbed dose, rem.

roent·gen

(r, R) (rent'gen)
The international unit of exposure dose for x-rays or gamma rays; that quantity of radiation that will produce in 1 cm of air at STP, or 0.001293 g of air, 2.08 × 109 ions of both signs, each totaling 1 electrostatic unit (e.s.u.) of charge; in the MKS system this is 2.58 × 10-4 coulombs per kg of air.
[Wilhelm K. Roentgen]

Roentgen

or

Röntgen, Wilhelm Konrad

(1845–1923) German physicist who discovered X-RAYS. A roentgen or röntgen is the quantity of X-rays or gamma radiation used as a unit of radioactivity. Symbol: R or r.

Roentgen,

Wilhelm K., German physicist and Nobel laureate, 1845-1923.
roentgen - the international unit of exposure dose for x-rays or gamma rays.
roentgen ray - Synonym(s): x-ray
roentgenograph - Synonym(s): radiograph

roentgen

a superseded international unit of x- or γ-radiation; it is the quantity of x- or γ-radiation such that the associated corpuscular emission per 0.001293 g of air produces, in air, ions carrying 1 electrostatic unit of electrical charge of either sign. Abbreviated R. Now replaced by coulomb/kg (C/kg); see coulomb. 1 R = 2.58 × 10−4 C/kg; 1 C/kg = 3876 R.

roentgen equivalent man (rem)
see rem.
roentgen equivalent physical (rep)
see rep.
roentgen ray
x-ray.
References in periodicals archive ?
Roentgen would very likely not come into contact with the client, and the bill would be paid eventually (sometimes a bill went unpaid for years) by the middle man, who would, in turn be paid by the prince, the king (through the court finance office) or whoever.
There is a suite of Roentgen furniture at Buckingham Palace, and another at Chatsworth ordered by the Duke of Devonshire at a time when many English grandees, as well as wealthy aristos throughout Europe, chose Roentgen furniture for their palaces.
But Roentgen always went one better than most, and David Roentgen delivered in the winter of 1785, an automatic masterpiece, where a mechanical doll, dressed in the latest fashion, played music by Gluck (who had taught the queen while still a child in Vienna) and resembled the queen herself.