Robbers Cave Experiment

An experiment in intergroup dynamics, which assessed two groups of 11-year-old boys sent to a remote summer camp in Robbers Cave State Park, Oklahoma. The results of the experiment were not unlike that which occurred in William Golding’s allegorical novel, Lord of the Flies: the boys formed tribal bonds, competed for medals and attention, exhibited prejudice, territorial violence, and ultimately had to be separated
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In 1954, social psychologists Muzafer and Carolyn Sherif carried out the Robbers Cave experiment, in which 22 boys were taken on a three-week camping expedition in Oklahoma's Robbers Cave State Park.