The adjustment of individual behaviour in response to perceived changes in risk. People tend to behave more cautiously if their perception of risk or danger increases, and less cautiously when they feel 'safer' or more protected
Contract notice: Appointment of a statutory auditor and an alternate for the realization of statutory audit services and legal certification of individual accounts of the jrc, its five french real estate subsidiaries (boulogne 78, castelnau 6 civry 22, pump 179 rochefort and 25), its branch in labuan (malaysia) and 5 public funds managed on behalf of the state (national fund risk management in agriculture, fund prevention of major natural hazards, risk compensation fund insurance of construction, guarantee fund risks associated with land application of municipal and industrial sewage sludge, guarantee fund for damages resulting from acts of prevention, diagnosis or treatment provided by health professionals private practice) for the financial years 2016 to 2021.
Nevertheless, the researchers note, the study's results show "no evidence of risk compensation that would offset the benefits of PrEP"; if anything, they suggest, the findings indicate trends toward safer sexual behavior and a reduction in HIV and syphilis infections.
The thoughtful editorial by Professor Ncayiyana concerning the national circumcision programme in South Africa (1) rests on two central arguments: first, that the scientific evidence is insufficient to justify such 'serious energy, money and resources', particularly when circumcision programmes have the potential of diverting money from other more effective interventions; and second, that risk compensation (the potential increase in risky behaviour after circumcision) may nullify any benefits of circumcision.
This may be due in part, to a phenomenon known as risk compensation, meaning that when one uses a risk-reduction 'technology' such as condoms, one often loses the benefit (reduction of risk) by 'compensating' or taking greater chances than one would take without risk-reduction technology.