Rhabdoviridae


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Related to Rhabdoviridae: Filoviridae, rhabdovirus, lyssavirus

Rhab·do·vir·i·dae

(rab'dō-vir'i-dē),
A family of rod- or bullet-shaped viruses of vertebrates, insects, and plants, including rabiesvirus and vesicular stomatitis virus (of cattle). Virions (100-430 by 45-100 nm), formed by budding from surface membranes of cells, are enveloped and ether sensitive, with surface spikes 5-10 nm long; nucleocapsids contain negative-sense single-stranded RNA (MW ~4.4 × 106) and are of helical symmetry. Five genera have been found: Vesiculovirus, Lyssavirus, Ephemerovirus, Nucleorhabdovirus, and Cytorhabdovirus.

Rhabdoviridae

/Rhab·do·vi·ri·dae/ (-vir´ĭ-de) the rhabdoviruses: a family of RNA viruses with a negative-sense single-stranded RNA genome, including the genera Vesiculovirus and Lyssavirus.

Rhab·do·vir·i·dae

(rab'dō-vir'i-dē)
A family of rod-shaped or bullet-shaped viruses of vertebrates, insects, and plants, including rabies virus.

Rhab·do·vir·i·dae

(rab'dō-vir'i-dē)
Rod-shaped or bullet-shaped viruses of vertebrates, insects, and plants, including rabies virus.

Rhabdoviridae

a family in the order Mononegavirales, of bullet-shaped, enveloped viruses with a single-strand negative sense RNA genome and a helical nucleocapsid. Two genera cause disease in animals: Vesiculovirus, which contains vesicular stomatitis virus, Lyssavirus, which contains rabies, Ephemerovirus, which causes bovine ephemeral fever virus and Norvirhabdovirus, which are the fish rhabdoviruses that cause viral hemorrhagic septicemia, infectious hemopoietic necrosis, spring viremia of carp.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genomic characterisation of Wongabel virus reveals novel genes within the Rhabdoviridae.
Phylogenetic relationships of seven previously unclassified viruses within the family Rhabdoviridae using partial nucleoprotein gene sequences.
The genus Lyssavirus within the family Rhabdoviridae contains 11 viruses: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1 and EBLV-2), Australian bat lyssavirus, Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus, and West Caucasian bat virus (2).
Lyssavirus is a genus of the family Rhabdoviridae, which includes rabies virus and other related viruses that infect mammals and arthropods (e.
RABV is the prototype member of the family Rhabdoviridae and the genus Lyssavirus.
Rabies is one of the better known encephalitis viruses of the family Rhabdoviridae and genus Lyssavirus.
However, rabies still remains a public health problem in these countries because of natural circulation of bat-specific viruses (order Mononegavirales, family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus) such as European bat lyssavirnses (EBLVs).