Retama retam

Retama retam

North African plant in family Fabaceae; contains alkaloids anagyrine, cytisine; cause abortion, incoordination, tremor, milk taint in camels. Called also r'tem.
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The present research is a part of a specific study carrying out in Algeria to explore the allelopathic effects of five medicinal and aromatic plants Colocynthis vulgaris Schrad, Retama retam L, Traganum nudatum Del, Pituranthos chloranthus Benth.
For example, 3 and 5% of Colocynthis vulgaris Schrad root extract achieved the maximum inhibition percentage (95%) followed by 3 and 7% Retama retam (90%) and 3% Traganum nudatum Del (90%).
The allelopathic effect of 3,5 and 7% aqueous extract beside the control from shoots and roots of five donor species (Colocynthis vulgaris Schrad, Retama retam L, Traganum nudatum Del, Pituranthos chloranthus Benth.