respiratory burst

(redirected from Respiratory outbreak)

res·pi·ra·to·ry burst

the marked increase in metabolic activity that occurs in phagocytes and certain other cells following binding of particles resulting in an increase in oxygen consumption, formation of superoxide anion, formation of hydrogen peroxide, and activation of the hexose monophosphate shunt.
References in periodicals archive ?
That HMPV can be fatal for gorillas is supported by a report of a respiratory outbreak in wild, human-habituated chimpanzees in which several chimpanzees died (2,9).
Respiratory outbreak submissions to Ontario, Canada, public health laboratories by geographic location and season * Influenza season Spring submissions submissions Region 2007-08 2008-09 2008 2009 Ontario 671 543 117 112 ([dagger]) Greater Toronto 139 101 34 21 area ([double dagger]) ([section]) * Influenza season is delineated as October 1-April 19; spring season is delineated as April 20-June 12.
1) are to be congratulated for their delineation of the global geographic presence of human rhinovirus (HRV) strains similar to those reported in 2006 from one third of cases of an otherwise pathogen-negative respiratory outbreak in New York.
Nevertheless, given the nonspecific initial signs and symptoms of patients with SARS, the capacity to rapidly diagnose common respiratory infections by using sensitive PCR methods offers advantages in the context of a respiratory outbreak.
Descriptive epidemiology of fatal respiratory outbreaks and detection of a human-related metapneumovirus in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Mahale Mountains National Park, Western Tanzania.
RIDTs can be particularly useful for identifying influenza virus infection as a cause of respiratory outbreaks in institutions such as nursing homes, chronic care facilities, and hospitals.
When the poultry industry voluntarily dropped most uses of a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones, approved fewer than 10 years ago to treat very specific respiratory outbreaks in confirmed flocks, it showed how much leverage consumer groups have in the public relations arena.
SAN DIEGO -- Quidel Corporation (NASDAQ:QDEL), a leading provider of rapid point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tests, announced today that a poster presentation at the Infectious Diseases Society of America 45th Annual Meeting (October 5, San Diego) indicated the on-site use of rapid influenza tests allows for the early detection of influenza, more timely treatment of residents (patients), and improved management of respiratory outbreaks in nursing home facilities.
Using data from an active surveillance network, we investigated all respiratory outbreaks (as defined by the Ministry of Health) (9), in long-term care facilities, reported from July 1 through December 31, 2009, in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Similarly, in the military-based syndromic surveillance system, respiratory outbreaks are detected by monitoring routine outpatient visits and pharmacy prescriptions.
No large respiratory outbreaks were reported through traditional surveillance during this period.
However, parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial viruses also cause respiratory outbreaks.