reproductive system

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Related to Reproductive tract: Reproductive tract infection

gen·i·tal sys·tem

the complex system consisting of the male or female gonads, associated ducts, and external genitalia dedicated to the function of reproducing the species.

reproductive system

The bodily system concerned with reproduction, especially sexual reproduction, including in mammals the gonads, associated ducts, and external genitals.

reproductive system

the male and female gonads, associated ducts and glands, and external genitalia that function in the procreation of offspring. In women these include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, and vulva. In men they include the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, ejaculatory duct, prostate, and penis. Also called genital tract, genitourinary system, urogenital system.

reproductive system

The female organs and related structures, including hormones, which are directly involved in producing eggs and conceiving foetuses.


subserving or pertaining to reproduction.

reproductive behavior
see sexual behavior.
reproductive cycle
in all mammalian species other than humans the reproductive cycle is an estrous cycle.
reproductive efficiency
fertility or efficiency in terms of input, e.g. services per conception, bull serving capacity estimates.
reproductive failure
infertility; failure to produce viable offspring; the end-stage of reproductive inefficiency.
reproductive fitness
a pre-mating examination of cows in an intensive herd health program; includes manual examination of genitalia per rectum, cervical sample for microbiological examination, blood sample for locally relevant abortogenic diseases, manual examination of udder, milk cell count and composite bacteriological examination of milk.
reproductive history
computerized or card-based record of individual cow's complete breeding record including all services and identity of donor or naturally mated bull.
reproductive organs (female)
the ovaries, which produce the ova, or eggs; the uterine tubes; the uterus; the vagina, or birth canal; and the vulva, comprising the external genitalia. The udder is a secondary sex character, enclosing the mammary glands.
reproductive organs (male)
the testes, external genitalia and accessory glands that secrete special fluids and the ducts through which these organs and glands are connected to each other and through which the spermatozoa are ejaculated during coitus.
reproductive performance
the productivity of the animal or herd or flock in terms of offspring produced, can be expressed in many ways, e.g. live piglets per litter or per year or per sow-year or per cubic meter of shed space.
reproductive rate
viable, full-term offspring produced per female per year.
reproductive senescence
the end of cyclic reproductive activity in primates; not recognized in domestic animals.
reproductive system
the genital tract plus the endocrinal control systems, especially the hypothalamus, pituitary, gonads and placenta, the products of pregnancy and the mammary glands.
reproductive tract
see reproductive organs (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
The expression of AR is developmentally regulated, and expression occurs in different parts of the male reproductive tract temporally, suggesting some differences in developmental programming (Cooke et al.
Together, it is clearly indicated that estrogen present in the male reproductive tract is synthesized and secreted from a number of cell types.
The researchers concluded that airborne chemical signals from the reproductive tract and, possibly, from estrous deer urine, are probably all that are needed to elicit courtship behavior of bucks.
For some experiments animals were removed immediately from the pig small intestine and the parasite intestine, muscle and reproductive tract were dissected out and frozen in liquid nitrogen.
Chapter 9 Bull anatomy and ultrasonography of the reproductive tract.
17, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The microbiomes in the reproductive tracts of pregnant women who later had a baby born too soon are significantly different from those of women who delivered full term.
In many species, a male plugs the female reproductive tract and stymies a rival, Michiels says.
The speakers in their respective presentations focussed on reproductive tract infections, puerperal sepsis in tertiary care settings and safety at work- relevance of sterilization and disinfection unanimously identified application of infected and unsafe instruments as a major risk factor for patients.
Some endocrine-disrupting chemicals can alter male reproductive tract development, including shortening AGD, in both rodents and humans.
Chlamydia trachomatis is the name of a bacterial infection that lives and reproduces inside human cells mainly within the reproductive tract.
But it may also be a sign of a problem such as a tear somewhere in her reproductive tract, which may have become damaged during the birth.
The cost of long-term morbidities, mainly infertility and chronic reproductive tract infections, may cost many billions of dollars annually, while the loss to the economies of developing countries from lower productivity may be more than US$ 400 million.

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