This expansion was followed by a postglacial range breakup, retreat to moderate elevations of high mountain systems, and a formation of relict
enclaves in smaller hilly areas.
In the Iberian Peninsula, Spanish black pine forests are mainly found in the supramediterranean bioclimatic belt under humid or sub-humid climates (900-1500 m asl), although the relict
populations of the Spanish Central System on granitic rocks (Gredos and Guadarrama ranges) are also found under cold perhumid climate (Regato & al.
Microsporidia, it turned out, were nowhere near being relicts
The majority of these young zircons are characterized by high 176Hf/177Hf isotopic ratios and positive Hf(T) values that are similar to magmatic zircons from the Gangdese batholith, indicating the latter has been a predominant source provenance of the sedimentary relict
At the end of the experiment, all surviving females were collected and femur length, the number of follicular relicts
(eggs laid), and the proportion of functional ovarian follicles determined.
of scoriaceous agglutinates are preserved on the rims of these vents.
The present findings indicate that some scree spiders in Central Europe could be regarded as relicts
of former climatic periods ("glacial relicts
The cluster analysis allowed the distinction of 32 independent community relicts
(10 faunal associations, 17 subsets of associations and 5 faunal assemblages, sensu Fursich, 1984), dominated by bivalves and brachiopods (Table 3).
A Comparison of Blackland Prairie Relicts
in Misssissippi and Arkansas.
Moreover, some Michigan herpetological species are undoubtedly in the process of re-occupying new habitats (Holman 1992) while others have been left as relicts
since the Middle Holocene warm, dry spell (hypsithermal event) was replaced by a cooler climate, especially the "Little Ice Age" that occurred only a few hundred years ago (Bernabo 1981; Kapp 1999; Holman et al.
During the past 35 years, the least shrew (Cryptotis parva) has expanded its distribution along riverine and other mesic corridors in western parts of its distribution, although some recently discovered populations in the West might represent relicts
of a previous Pleistocene distribution.
Friendships are most easily made between children and young parents; the relicts
of war cling to their prejudices,' says Wynne.