Podlesnik, Bai, and Elliffe (2012) confirmed this finding in a similar paradigm with pigeons and also found that target behavior recurred at a substantial rate when all reinforcement was discontinued (relapse), suggesting some residual strengthening effect of alternative reinforcers
on target behavior.
Five tasks were structured in total, which were maintained for the two experimental conditions; sweets and rest time were established as reinforcers
Second, and more directly related to the issue of resurgence, there are presumably already reinforcers
in place for the problem behavior (leading the individual to seek treatment in the first place).
The objective of the present study, however, was to check if learning is also faster as a function of the variety of conditioned reinforcers
involved in the process, and not just by the mere inclusion of a conditioned reinforcer
before the primary one.
Because each dog values a specific reinforcer
differently, experiment to find out which foods or other reinforcers
your dog likes and which ones she really likes.
For the two students who did not reach mastery, the motivating value of reinforcers
may have changed over the 3 to 4 months that passed between the end of Phase 1 and the beginning of Phase 2, indicating a need for frequent preference assessments.
Before an extinction plan is put into place to rid the student of unwanted behavior, it is important to conduct a functional analysis to determine whether the reinforcer
for this behavior is task avoidance or terminating the interaction between the instructor and others.
haloperidol, SKF 83566, or raclopride) that decrease lever pressing for high-hedonic-value reinforcers
(food-pellets) increase the consumption of chow, the low-hedonic-value food, Cousins et al.
The position of the reinforcers
was alternated across sessions to control for position bias.
Cote and colleagues found that items identified during the interview as preferred consequently served as reinforcers
when assessed in a reinforcer
These problematic features can be a function of the biological nature of the species, the types of reinforcers
, or failure of the paradigm.
2006) state that there are three different functions of observational learning, including 1) the emission of previously acquired operants, 2) the acquisition of new operants through observation, and 3) the acquisition of conditioned reinforcers