Rat Bite Fever

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Related to Rat Bite Fever: Cat scratch fever
An acute febrile illness usually acquired from a rat bite that inoculates either Streptobacillus moniliformis (streptobacillary rat-bite fever) or Spirillium minor (spirillary rat-bite fever)


small, furred mammal; members of the family Murinae (Old World rats) and the family Cricetinae (New World rats) both of the order Rodentia. They are omnivorous, nocturnal, do not hibernate and live commensally with humans. They have pointed snouts, a long, thin, almost hairless tail. Only some of the members of the rat and allied groups are listed below.

rat bite fever
black rat
Old World rat with long tail and ears. Called also Rattus rattus.
brown rat
Old World rat with short tail and ears. Called also Rattus norvegicus.
rat flea
kangaroo rat
a solitary rodent with long legs with which it progresses in leaps like a kangaroo and uses its large tail as a balancer. Called also Dipodomys deserti.
rat leprosy
a chronic, largely cutaneous disease of rats caused by Mycobacterium lepraemurium and characterized by subcutaneous granuloma and similar involvement of superficial lymph nodes, containing large numbers of acid-fast organisms. The disease has little similarity to nor any relationship with human leprosy. See also feline leprosy.
Long-Evans rat
laboratory rat with brown or black head and shoulders.
musk rat
properly called muskrat and is really a water vole. Called also Ondatra zibethica.
pack rat
New World rat-like creature. Called also Neotoma spp., wood rat.
sand rat
see gerbil.
Sprague-Dawley rat
albino laboratory rat.
rat tooth, teeth
describes the type of points on surgical instruments with a single point on one side which interlocks with two points on the other side.
water rat
properly called water vole; in Australia, water rat is a native rodent Hydromys chrysogaster.
white rat
common laboratory rat.
Wistar rat
a white laboratory rat.
References in periodicals archive ?
His primary research interests are rat bite fever, other infectious diseases in zoo animals and wildlife, and zoonoses.
Approved and novel strategies in diagnostics of rat bite fever and other Streptobacillus infections in humans and animals.
Fat-saturated, contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance image of the spine of a 59-year-old man (snake keeper) with rat bite fever.
iii) Clinicians should include rat bite fever in the differential diagnosis of symmetrical inflammatory polyarthritis.
Dick, "Streptobacillus moniliformis polyarthritis mimicking rheumatoid arthritis: an urban cae of rat bite fever," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.
Smith, "Septic arthritis of the hip secondary to rat bite fever," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no.
Rat bite fever is caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis, a bacterium that is found in the normal oral flora of rats and can be excreted in rat urine.
Lieberman said the case underscores the importance of asking about pets in every febrile patient and considering the possibility of rat bite fever in acutely ill patients with rat exposure.
Streptobacillus moniliformis is the root of a rare cause of rashes on the palms and soles: rat bite fever.

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