REM sleep behavior disorder

REM sleep behavior disorder

A sleep disorder, most often identified in older men, in which there is frequent and sometimes violent motor activity during REM sleep, specifically during dreams. The condition often precedes the development of dementia with Lewy bodies, or other neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson disease.
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The patient had received multiple psychiatric diagnoses throughout his life, including bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, REM sleep behavior disorder with comorbid narcolepsy, and dissociative identity disorder.
Another condition in the differential diagnosis is REM sleep behavior disorder defined in ICSD-2, although it is not included in the DSM-IV classification system.
Claire Henchcliffe, director of the Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Institute at Weill Cornell Medical Center, said REM sleep behavior disorder, characterized by a tendency to act out one's dreams while asleep, was one of the strongest prediagnostic symptoms, along with a lost sense of smell and subtle changes in cognition.
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) "diagnoses disease" and "identifies prodromal disease.
REM sleep behavior disorder is caused by loss of the normal muscle paralysis that occurs during REM sleep.
Melatonin for treatment of REM sleep behavior disorder in neurologic disorders: Results in 14 patients.
In the 33 chapters, sleep specialists from North America and Europe cover disorders of arousal occurring in children, like sleepwalking and terrors; parasomnias associated with REM sleep, such as REM sleep behavior disorder and nightmare disorder; those due to medical or neurological disorders or related to trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder; sleep-related dissociative disorder, enuresis, and eating disorders; and sleep-related movement disorders and other variants, such as restless legs syndrome, starts, bruxism, and epilepsy.
MIAMI BEACH -- A patient with REM sleep behavior disorder has about a 50/50 chance for developing Parkinson's disease within 12 years, according to a recently published report.
Pathophysiology of REM sleep behavior disorder and relevance to neurodegenerative disease.
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) tends to occur in older individuals--90 percent of them male.