qualitative research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
This qualitative study interviewed 31 OB/GYNs from across the United States, 27 of whom had worked in a Catholic hospital, about barriers to patients' access to tubal sterilization.
4, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A qualitative study on assaults on emergency nurses sponsored by the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA) found a need to change the culture of acceptance prevalent among hospital administrators and law enforcement, as well as a need to better train nurses on signs of potential trouble.
What health care providers say on providing abortion care in Cape Town, South Africa: findings from a qualitative study.
Based on a 15-month qualitative study of home death, Norwood (affiliated with Inclusion Research Institute, Washington, DC) looks critically at Dutch euthanasia policy and end-of-life practices.
This article provides a report of the qualitative study to investigate potential factors associated with homework, parental involvement, and gender that may influence high achievement among 7th grade science students.
It is uncommon to see a qualitative study that involves such an expansive effort.
The qualitative study went on to report that dementia care staff felt that the needs created by vision loss were at risk of being overlooked by the mental health services, and there was little evidence that showed joint working between sensory impairment and mental health teams.
The author bases her analyses on a quantitative and qualitative study, The Changing Roles of Farm Women, done on the prairies in 2002.
The author examines the emergence of indication of increased self-regulation strategies among online adult learners as part of a qualitative study of elementary education students in an online cohort.
Project Excellence conducted a qualitative study that identified data fields that were most challenging for counselors, counselors' recommendations for improving the system, and on-going technical training needs of the counselors.
Worksite-based parenting programs to promote healthy adolescent development: a qualitative study of feasibility and potential content, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2005, 37(2):62-69; Lieberman L, Berlin C and Skov N, The NiteStar STARLO theatre education approach to abstinence education for early adolescents in New York City, paper presented at the Abstinence Education Evaluation Conference, U.

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