qualitative research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
RDT tool provides the most comprehensive decision support system, using both quantitative and qualitative methods.
With Andreas Balthasar's (2011) paper on policy evaluation we complement this issue on qualitative methods with a kind of research that has become almost fully neglected in Political Science and in the scrutinized methodological debate.
Consistent with the pluralism in theoretical traditions, methods, and study designs, many experts (Feldman 1995; Greenhalgh and Taylor 1997; Sofaer 1999; Yardley 2000; Morse and Richards 2002) have argued that there cannot and should not be a uniform approach to qualitative methods.
The analytic paper initiative implemented qualitative method to analyze the effect of poverty on rural women and girls' access to education.
Many researchers argue that qualitative methods were important during the early periods of research in social work, but that they have had a far more limited influence during the post-World War II period (Dunlap, 1993; Lemlem, 1999).
Some critics of quantitative research in social work have advocated merging the clinical mandate with a form of qualitative method (Heinemann Pieper, 1994; Tyson, 1994).
At the end of the day, qualitative methods don't trump quantitative research for uncovering what drives growth at B2B companies.
Chapter in part four contains discussion on bridging the two strategies (quantitative and qualitative) and concluding in two final chapters on using the Internet as a place to conduct research and on writing a research report, touching on both quantitative and qualitative methods together.
The techniques range from relatively simple qualitative methods of hazard identification and analysis to the advanced quantitative methods for risk assessment in which numerical values of risk frequency or probability are derived.
The results of this survey which incorporates quantitative methods (survey analysis) and qualitative methods (in-depth interviews) is that Afro-Caribbean and African migrants from Africa are viewed as better or different than native-born Black people by white people, but they are still not seen as model minorities like Asian American groups.
The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to gain understanding of the nature and dynamics of adolescent religious exploration and the role that exploration has on identity formation.
The book can be used as a supplement in anthropology and sociology courses in qualitative methods, ethnography, migration, and ethnicity.

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