qualitative research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although computer software programs for qualitative research are universally described as "Computer-assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software" (CAQDAS), the term "assisted" means how data are electronically stored, retrieved, and linked.
Demonstrate familiarity with Assignment 2 qualitative software as a tool for qualitative data analysis 7.
Data analysis consisted of qualitative data analysis techniques of coding and creating categories for the qualitative data, and the use of the SPSS package for the questionnaire analysis yielding statistical data presented in the form of tables.
Significance: A methodological overview of issues including decisions on priority given to the quantitative and qualitative data analysis and collection, the sequence of data collection and analysis, and the stages in the research process at which quantitative and qualitative data were mixed (integrated) offers practical guidance in addressing issues common to the mixed-methods design.
She also contributed to a research text on qualitative data analysis.
Drawing from their own work and that of others in the Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Networking Project, Lewins and Silver offer advice to researchers in the social sciences on choosing and using software packages for analyzing qualitative data.
Two researchers engaged in qualitative data analysis using Glaser and Strauss's (1967) constant comparison method on data sets to code relevant participant reflections on each semester's PGI.
Although the practical act of qualitative data analysis can take many forms (Creswell, 1998), it often begins with coding the data into meaningful analytical units.
using digital video and qualitative data analysis software to teach group practice
In this instance the researchers were satisfied that proper field procedures had already been applied and application of the Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS) at the analysis stage was appropriate.
Each of the patients participated in semistructured home-based interviews, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and entered into qualitative data analysis software.
Those interviews were subsequently audiotaped, transcribed, and entered into qualitative data analysis software for coding and analysis.

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