qualitative research

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research

 
the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Four design principles with respect to understanding the biological model are integrated into the approach (underlined): the progression of models, the introduction of qualitative models prior to quantitative ones, the offering of conceptual links from lower-level to higher-level models, and the analysis of the biological implications of the model.
Previously, a digital case was designed in which students build a qualitative model for another pattern forming process during Drosophila development (Aegerter-Wilmsen, Janssen, Hartog, & Bisseling, 2005).
First, they use simulations to check whether a qualitative model that they built in the general model-building section can be converted into a quantitative model that indeed shows the desired behavior.
The last question tests whether students grasped the basics of translating a qualitative model into a set of partial differential equations.
Qualitative models describe quantitative relations in qualitative terms, for instance, the more it rains and the longer I stay in the rain, the wetter I will get (unless I have an umbrella).
In everyday life we intuitively use qualitative models, not numerical equations.
Induced qualitative models can offer more insight into the domain than numerical ones.
Qualitative models, on the other hand, deliver what they promise, that is, correct qualitative predictions.
If a company uses some of quantitative or qualitative models in combination with software that has built-in some of above mentioned models to forecast demand or control inventory, than the value of any independent variable is 2.
Complex equations are qualitative models for quantitative, numerical predictions of forest growth and development.
Complex equations of forest growth and development are qualitative models for quantitative, numerical predictions of forest growth and development.
Because the peer-reviewed research to date does not yet support a robust business case for the provider adoption of IT, having some qualitative models to help people to think through the business case can be a first step in understanding what it's going to take," said John Glaser PhD, vice president and chief information officer, Partners HealthCare System and chair of the Connecting for Health Working Group on Legal, Financial and Organizational Issues.

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