qualitative research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Formulating and maintaining explicit propositional qualitative models for each city, much less building a complete snapshot of the game state, can be prohibitively expensive.
A qualitative scenario of a qualitative model is specified if all its n qualitative variables X [equivalent to] ([X.
First, they use simulations to check whether a qualitative model that they built in the general model-building section can be converted into a quantitative model that indeed shows the desired behavior.
His model is, therefore, a quantitative model (on an empirical basis) for forgetting rather than a qualitative model for learning, let alone an analogon for learning.
The Decision Support System using Bayesian model consists of three components: a qualitative model, probabilities, and an inference system.
The aim of this paper is to explore whether the standard conditions for sign-solvability of a qualitative model can be supplemented with plausible information based on logical, theoretical, or empirical evidence.
The expected result is a qualitative model (consisting of causal relationships) which provides insight into the mechanisms that sensible care around the program.
Examples of specific topics include support vector machines for color adjustment in automotive base coat, optimal extension of error correcting output codes, coarse qualitative model of three dimensional orientation, Kohonen self-organizing maps and mass balance methods for the supervision of lowland river area, two-step tracking by parts using multiple kernels, solving the response time variability problem by means of metaheuristics, and designing a multi-agent system to simulate scenarios for decision-making in river basin systems.
The project consisted of two major modules: the construction of a qualitative model, and the ensuing elaboration of a quantitative model, by means of the SD methodology.
Our qualitative model of xerographics, called ARIA, consists of a photoreceptor belt and a collection of components that implement these six steps.
The River Mesta Case Study: A Qualitative Model of Dissolved Oxygen and Sustainable Development in Aquatic Ecosystems.
A qualitative model for describing scenes and spatio-temporal changes will be defined in order to manage uncertainty and to apply qualitative reasoning models for inferring further information.

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