QRS complex


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complex

 [kom´pleks]
1. the sum, combination, or collection of various things or related factors, like or unlike; e.g., a complex of symptoms (see syndrome).
2. a group of interrelated ideas, mainly unconscious, that have a common emotional tone and strongly influence a person's attitudes and behavior.
3. that portion of an electrocardiographic tracing which represents the systole of an atrium or ventricle.
AIDS-related complex (ARC) a complex of signs and symptoms occurring in HIV infection including fever, weight loss, prolonged diarrhea, minor opportunistic infections, lymphadenopathy, and changes in cells of the immune system.
antigen-antibody complex here the complex formed by the noncovalent binding of an antibody and antigen. Complexes of antibodies belonging to certain immunoglobulin classes may activate complement. Called also immune complex.
anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (AICC) a concentrated fraction from pooled human plasma, which includes various coagulation factors. It is administered intravenously as an antihemorrhagic in hemophilic patients with inhibitors to coagulation factor VIII.
atrial complex the P wave of the electrocardiogram, representing electrical activity of the atria. See also ventricular complex.
castration complex in psychoanalytic theory, unconscious thoughts and motives stemming from fear of loss of the genitals as punishment for forbidden sexual desires.
Electra complex libidinous fixation of a daughter toward her father. This term is rarely used, since oedipus complex is generally applied to both sexes.
factor IX complex a sterile, freeze-dried powder consisting of partially purified coagulation factor IX fraction, as well as concentrated factor II, VII, and X fractions, of venous plasma from healthy human donors. It is used in the prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding in patients with hemophilia B, replacement of factor VII in patients deficient in that factor, and treatment of anticoagulant-induced hemorrhage. Administered intravenously.
Ghon complex primary complex (def. 1).
Golgi complex golgi apparatus.
HLA complex the human major histocompatibility complex, which contains the hla antigens.
immune complex antigen-antibody complex.
inclusion complex one in which molecules of one type are enclosed within cavities in the crystalline lattice of another substance.
inferiority complex unconscious feelings of inadequacy, producing shyness or timidity or, as a compensation, exaggerated agressiveness and expression of superiority; based on Alfred Adler's concept that everyone is born with a feeling of inferiority stemming from real or imagined physical or psychological deficiency, with the manner in which the inferiority is handled determining behavior.
interpolated premature ventricular complex a premature ventricular complex that does not interfere with the conduction of the next sinus beat, i.e., it lacks the usual following compensatory pause.
major histocompatibility complex (MHC) the chromosomal region containing genes that control the histocompatibility antigens; in humans it controls the hla antigens.
membrane attack complex (MAC) C5b,6,7,8,9, the five-molecule complex that is the cytolytic agent of the complement system.
Oedipus complex see oedipus complex.
primary complex
1. the combination of a parenchymal pulmonary lesion (Ghon focus) and a corresponding lymph node focus, occurring in primary tuberculosis, usually in children. Similar lesions may also be associated with other mycobacterial infections and with fungal infections.
2. the primary cutaneous lesion at the site of infection in the skin, e.g., chancre in syphilis and tuberculous chancre.
QRS complex a group of waves seen on an electrocardiogram, representing ventricular depolarization. Called also QRS wave. It actually consists of three distinct waves created by the passage of the cardiac electrical impulse through the ventricles and occurs at the beginning of each ventricular contraction. In a normal surface electrocardiogram the R wave is the upward deflection; the first downward deflection represents a Q wave and the final downward deflection is the S wave. The Q and S waves may be extremely weak and sometimes are absent.

One abnormality of the QRS complex is increased voltage resulting from enlargement of heart muscle, which produces increased quantities of electric current. A low-voltage QRS complex may result from toxic conditions of the heart, most commonly from fluid in the pericardium. Pleural effusion and emphysema also can cause a decrease in the voltage of the QRS complex.
VATER complex an association of congenital anomalies consisting of vertebral defects, imperforate anus, tracheoesophageal fistula, and radial and renal dysplasia.
ventricular complex the Q, R, S, and T waves of the electrocardiogram, representing ventricular electrical activity. See also atrial complex.

QRS com·plex

portion of electrocardiogram corresponding to the depolarization of ventricular cardiac cells.

QRS complex

a series of waveforms on an electrocardiogram that represents both normal and abnormal depolarization of ventricular muscle cells. It is composed of Q, R, and S waves: a Q wave is the negative deflection before the first R wave, an R wave is any positive deflection, and an S wave is the negative deflection after an R wave. If there is no R wave, the totally negative complex is designated QS. A combination of uppercase and lowercase letters is used to describe the amplitude of each wave. Some variations of the QRS complex are qR, QR, qRs, rS, RS, and rSR′. Also called QRS wave.

QRS complex

R-wave Cardiac pacing The deflections on an EKG tracing produced by a ventricular depolarization

QRS com·plex

(kom'pleks)
An electrocardiographic complex consisting of the Q, R, and S waves, representing propagation of a wave of depolarization over the ventricles.

QRS complex

The part of the electrocardiograph tracing corresponding to the contractions of the main chambers of the heart (the ventricles). The Q wave is a short downwards deflection, the R wave a conspicuous upwards stroke and the S wave a return to below the level of the base-line.

QRS complex, QRS wave

a group of waves depicted on an electrocardiogram; it actually consists of three distinct waves created by the passage of the cardiac electrical impulse through the ventricles and occurs at the beginning of each contraction of the ventricles. In a normal electrocardiogram the R wave is the most prominent of the three; the Q and S waves may be extremely weak and sometimes are absent.
References in periodicals archive ?
who have reported significantly shortened QRS complex and ST interval and have suggested that a shortened ST interval observed in smokers is a risk factor for IHD.
By using R peak locations information, the QRS complex starting points can be determined.
Here, with a specific end goal to recognize QRS complex precisely and rapidly, a peak extractor is defined just taking into account fundamental dilation and erosion morphological administrators are given in equation (1) and (2), rather than a progression of cutting edge openings and closings.
Differentiation of paroxysmal narrow QRS complex tachycardias using the 12-lead electrocardiogram.
Type of AV Block PR Interval QRS Complex Second-Degree Progressively Normal (<0.
They diagnostic features of narrow complex tachycardia on ECG were heart rate more than 100/ minute and QRS complex less than 120 ms (three small squares on ECG).
The former trains the classifier model with updated data, while the latter selects a unique subset of ECG features related to the QRS complex as well as the P or T waves for each type of arrhythmia.
Narrow QRS complex tachycardias--rhythms with a rate >100 beats per minute (bpm) and a QRS duration <120 ms--are frequently encountered in both inpatient and outpatient settings.