purusha

(redirected from Purusa)
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purusha (pōō·rōōˑ·sh),

n in Ayurvedic philosophy, male en-ergy, one of the two manifestations of cosmic consciousness; an energy that has passive awareness but is without form or attribute. See also prakriti.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abhinavagupta, as we know, argues that in the hermeneutic process "the surrogate," literal language, substitutes itself for something that has pre-existed it, the purusa or self.
Likewise after he gathers the gopis and enjoys the bank of the Yamuna, "surrounded by those whose grief had been purged, the mighty unfallen (acyutah) Bhagavan shone forth even more, like purusa surrounded by saktis" (10.
If Bock-Raming's argument were held to be sufficient in the case of the "redactor" of JS 4, it would prove that the "redactor" of SS 2 and 5, too, had some sort of affiliation to the Vaikhanasa tradition, for the expression acyutadibhir in SS 2, 72 refers to Acyuta, Satya, and Purusa, who should be respectively identified (according to Alasinga's interpretation, which Bock-Raming rightly mentions) as the vyuhas Samkarsana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha.
For the association of darkness and death see also BAU 3, 9, 14, where the purusa consisting of shadow, whose abode is darkness, is called death.
Not only is this goddess submissive with respect to Visnu, she even seems to be part of the total body of the Purusa Visnu, springing forth, as it were, from his very being.
If Nidra appears, it is due to an earlier initiative taken by the supreme Purusa.
In ho noring her, the devotee returns, as it were, to the origins of the world, situating himself in that secret space where the relationships between Purusa and the world are forged.
It is as though Nidril were the shadow of the supreme Purusa, existing in complete dependency on Visnu, who produced her or from whom she sprang.
The textual studies trace the development and change of the notion of cosmic birthing and the deities associated with it--such as Prajapati, Purusa, and Rudra-Siva--through the vedas, brahmanas, upanisads, and the Mahabharata.
They come from the notion of the Pregnant Male, like Purusa Prajapati, and that of the upanisadic large size and swollen middle, indicating paturition.
He makes subtle adjustments, and is determined to read the texts in his own way, better to support his thesis--and this has occasioned some very pointed criticism from, among others, Gerald Larson, [16] who points out that, despite its emphasis on the three gunas, the Samkhya system is universally understood as asserting an ontological dualism (of purusa 'inert spirit' and prakrti 'active matter'), which both echoes earlier-rejected, and supposedly "Western," dualistic structuralism and is difficult to reconcile with Marriott's otherwise cubal notions.