Purkinje shift


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Related to Purkinje shift: Purkinje images

Pur·kin·je phe·nom·e·non

(pŭr-kin'jē),
in the light-adapted eye, the region of maximal brightness is in the yellow; in the dark-adapted eye, the region of maximal brightness is in the green.

Purkinje,

Johannes E. von (Jan E. Purkyne), Bohemian anatomist and physiologist, 1787-1869.
Purkinje afterimage - Synonym(s): Bidwell ghost
Purkinje cells - large nerve cells of the cerebellar cortex with a piriform cell body and dendrites arranged in a plane transverse to the folium. Synonym(s): Purkinje corpuscles
Purkinje conduction - conduction of the cardiac impulse through the Purkinje system.
Purkinje corpuscles - Synonym(s): Purkinje cells
Purkinje effect - Synonym(s): Purkinje phenomenon
Purkinje fibers - interlacing fibers formed of modified cardiac muscle cells that are the terminal ramifications of the conducting system of the heart found beneath the endocardium of the ventricles.
Purkinje figures - shadows of the retinal vessels seen as dark lines on a reddish field when a light enters the eye through the sclera and not the pupil.
Purkinje image tracker
Purkinje images - Synonym(s): Purkinje-Sanson images
Purkinje layer - the layer of Purkinje cells between the molecular and granular layers of the cerebellar cortex. Synonym(s): piriform neuron layer
Purkinje network - the network formed by Purkinje fibers beneath the endocardium.
Purkinje phenomenon - in the light-adapted eye, the region of maximal brightness is in the yellow; in the dark-adapted eye, the region of maximal brightness is in the green. Synonym(s): Purkinje effect; Purkinje shift
Purkinje shift - Synonym(s): Purkinje phenomenon
Purkinje system - terminal ramifications in the ventricles of the specialized conducting system of the heart.
Purkinje-Sanson images - the two images formed by the anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea, and the two images formed by the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lens. Synonym(s): catatropic images; Purkinje images; Sanson images

Purkinje shift 

Reduction in the luminosity of a red light relative to that of a blue light when the luminances are reduced from photopic to scotopic levels of illumination. This is due to the shift of the spectral sensitivity curve from a maximum at 555 nm to 507 nm when passing from light to dark adaptation. Syn. Purkinje's phenomenon. See photochromatic interval; duplicity theory.