psychoactive drug

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psychoactive drug

Substance abuse An agent that provides pleasure or ameliorates pain, and may cause physical dependence and tolerance, with a tendency to ↑ dose in order to achieve the same effect; use of non-prescribed psychoactive agents may be 'social' or casual, or evolve into frank addiction; in descending order of addictive potential cocaine/'crack', amphetamines, opiates, nicotine, alcohol, benzodiazepine, barbiturates, cannabis, hallucinogens, caffeine Therapeutics An agent that improves the ability to function appropriately in clinical settings–eg, psych ward, nursing home Types Antidepressants–eg, desipramine, nortryptyline, antipsychotics–eg, haloperidol, thioridazine, benzodiazepines–eg, lorazepam, diazepam, and other hypnotics–eg, diphenhydramine

psy·cho·ac·tive drug

(sīkō-aktiv drŭg)
Pharmacotherapeutic agent that possesses action to alter mood, behavior, cognitive processes, or mental stress.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new psychoactive substance has been linked with two deaths in Germany and four in Sweden in the past 10 months, along with 16 "nonfatal intoxications".
NBOME, one of the newest psychoactive substances on the market, is a synthetic derivative of phenethylamine with stimulant and hallucinogenic properties.
Draft rules to ensure that harmful psychoactive substances, known as "legal highs", are withdrawn rapidly from the EU market were approved by Parliament on Thursday.
There were 52 deaths involving new psychoactive substances in 2012, although this was a small proportion of the total number of drug-related deaths, which stood at 2,597.
The Home Affairs Select Committee said chief constables and other law enforcement agencies were failing to understand the impact of psychoactive substances.
So-called new psychoactive substances (NPS), often sold under harmless names like spice, bath salts or herbal incense, posed a serious health risk although they were legal, the UN office on drugs and crimes (UNODC) said in its annual World Drug Report.
The encyclopedia of aphrodisiacs; psychoactive substances for use in sexual practices.
I intend to propose stronger legislation on new psychoactive substances and on illicit drug trafficking later this year.
It says most of the new psychoactive substances sold as legal highs and appearing on the European illicit market are synthesised outside Europe in China and, to a lesser extent, India.
They performed a metaanalysis of 83 studies that reported age at onset of psychotic disorders in cohorts of patients in which the use of psychoactive substances also was recorded.
While Nutt's comparisons between psychoactive substances provide ammunition to opponents of the war on drugs, they can also be used in service of less libertarian arguments: He and his co-authors suggest alcohol is underregulated, concluding that "aggressively targeting alcohol harms is a valid and necessary public health strategy.

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