Marked weakness, disorientation, anxiety, mydriasis, tachycardia and hyper-reflexia reportedly developed in mice 30 min to 4 h after ingestion of hallucinogenic or magic mushrooms like Psilocybe
, Panaeolus, Copelandia, Gymnopilus, Pluteus, and Conocybe .
Additionally, acute renal injuries that required renal replacement therapies have also been reported in individuals after consumption of the Psilocybe
specis mushroom (Bickel et al.
Belonging to a subcategory of hallucinogens, the major psychedelics are: (1) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD); (2) psilocybin and psilocin from Psilocybe
They believe that the objects are the fungi Psilocybe
hispanica, a local species with hallucinogenic properties.
And then we have a whole medicine cabinet full of different "psi-chedelic" plants and fungi in Mexico alone, ranging from the use of peyote cacti (Lophophora Williamsii) by the Huichol Indians in the North (Slotkin, 1956), to teonanacatl (mushrooms of the Psilocybe
genus) and ska pastora (Salvia divinorum) use by the Mazatecs in the South (Soutar, 2001; Wasson, 1962)--not to mention South America, where we find an enormous pharmacopeia of natural plant psychedelics that have been used traditionally for psychic purposes for millennia.
However, other ring-containing compounds such as psilocin (found in Psilocybe
, Panaeolus and Conocybe mushrooms) and some 5-hydroxytryptamines also produce a positive result rendering the Meixner test nonspecific.
Antrodia radiculosa * Armillaria ostoyae Bjerkandera adusta * Gloephyllum trabeum * Grifola frondosa Irpex lacteus Lentinula edodes Meruliporia incrassata * Mycena alcalina Naematoloma frowardii (= * Hypholoma) Phanerochaete chrysosporium * Pleurotus eryngii Pleurotus ostreatus Pleurotus pulmonarius * Psilocybe
Worcester, charged with possession of Ecstasy, amended from possession of Ecstasy with intent to distribute, and possession of marijuana with intent to distribute, continued without a finding for one year, ordered to remain drug-free, to submit to random drug tests, and to work or go to school full time; possession of methylphenidate with intent to distribute, possession of psilocybe
mushrooms with intent to distribute, distribution of psilocybe
mushrooms, distribution of marijuana, and four counts of drug violation near a school or park, dismissed.
The current investigators primarily are using psilocybin, an active ingredient derived from Psilocybe
mushrooms, which are indigenous to North and South America and Europe.
On the other hand, across diverse cultures, various substances have been used specifically as vehicles in the search for the sacred, among them lysergic acid derivatives, Psilocybe
and several other genera of mushrooms, mescaline-containing cacti such as peyote, nightshade species such as Jimsonweed, and many others.
Psychoactive mushrooms, either the Santa Claus caps of fly agaric or the more commonly consumed Psilocybe
cubensis, are scattered throughout the museum--a scattering that becomes, in Roxy Paine's 1997 Psilocybe
Cubensis Field, at once exuberant and creepy.
Hallucinogenic substances are widely used in many cultures to achieve shamanic states, including peyote, psilocybe
mushrooms, datura (Jimson weed), Banisteriopsis vine (ayahuasca), nightshade (belladonna), mandrake root, or henbane.