Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Pseudomonas maltophilia: Xanthomonas maltophilia
species now called Xanthomonas maltophilia. See: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
Pseudomonas(soo-do-mo'nas) [? + monas, single]
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacilli with polar flagella. Most are saprophytic, living in soil and decomposing organic matter. Some produce blue and yellow pigments.
A species that produces a distinctive blue-green pigment, grows readily in water, and may cause life-threatening infections in humans, including nosocomial pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and sepsis. It may also cause folliculitis, malignant otitis externa, and skin infections in patients who have suffered burns. See: illustration
Pseudomonas cepaciaBurkholderia cepacia.
Pseudomonas malleiSee: Burkholderia
Pseudomonas maltophiliaSee: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa
A variant of P. aeruginosa that resists both phagocytosis and antibiotic treatment by secreting a slimy protective coating (alginate slime). It is more virulent than nonmucoid-secreting forms of P. aeruginosa and often colonizes patients with bronchiectasis or cystic fibrosis.
A gram-negative rod that can cause health care–related infections, esp. in catheterized, immunosuppressed, or critically ill patients. It was formerly known as Flavimonas oryzihabitans.