protein energy malnutrition

Also found in: Acronyms.

pro·tein en·er·gy mal·nu·tri·tion

(PEM) (prō'tēn en'ĕr-jē mal'nū-trish'ŭn)
A deficiency of protein, energy, or both that includes marasmus (or chronic PEM) and kwashiorkor (typically, acute PEM).
Synonym(s): protein kcalorie malnutrition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Repeated infection and protein energy malnutrition significantly contributed to high prevalence of anemia.
Patients with severe protein energy malnutrition (PEM), the result of inadequate calorie or protein intake, have usually lost more than 20 per cent of their body weight.
Conclusion: The study demonstrated that there is a need to focus on the protein energy malnutrition among the children as an immunization strategy for the 100% seroprevalence rate in all population against polio in Pakistan.
Risk factors for severe protein energy malnutrition in children less than 5 years of age (hospital based study).
Further thorough studies are needed to clarify the role of appetite-regulatory hormones and their exact pathogenetic mechanisms in the etiology of CKD-associated protein energy malnutrition.
2] Another study done in 2003 estimated that productivity losses due to protein energy malnutrition (PEM), iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) because of lack of appropriate interventions would amount to USS$ 114 billion between 2003 and 2012[3].
If the actual cause or major predisposing factor, such as protein energy malnutrition or pressure, is not determined and addressed the wound will more than likely fail to close or remain at high risk for recurrence.
Children more commonly present with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) at diagnosis of cancer in developing countries than in developed countries, depending on the type of cancer and extent of the disease.
A study of some changes of cell-mediated immunity in protein energy malnutrition.
To understand whether the low serum zinc levels were either due to protein energy malnutrition or zinc intake, we measured total protein levels in all three groups (A, B & C).
In addition, undernutrition and protein energy malnutrition can negatively impact pressure ulcer healing, all of which makes early identification and treatment of nutritional problems critical.