prop

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prop

A device of sturdy material used to support or hold something in place.

mouth prop

A metal or rubber device inserted between the jaws to maintain the mouth in an open position. Synonym: bite block

prop

clinical padding/orthodigital materials infilling the plantar hollow of lesser toe/s, to improve toe function; Table 1
Table 1: Examples of clinical pads
Pad typeExamplesDescription
Digital padsPlantar bar/long propSCF pad formed to infill the plantar aspect of the shanks of lesser toes, in order to prevent/reduce overcontraction of one or more lesser toes
Dorsal barSCF pad formed to infill the dorsal aspects of one or more hammered or retracted lesser toes, to reduce trauma to the skin overlying the prominent interphalangeal joints
Dorsoplantar splintSCF pad made as a combination of the plantar and dorsal bars, to correct digital deformity/reduce trauma to the apices and dorsa of lesser toes
Interdigital wedgeSCF or foam (plain, cavitied or holed) pad formed to match the dimensions of the interdigital space to reduce reformation of an interdigital heloma molle
Dorsal proximal/distal/apical/interdigital crescentA crescent-shaped pad applied proximal/distal to the dorsal/apical/interdigital area of a hyperkeratotic lesion on a digit, to reduce local pressure and friction
Dorsal horseshoeA horseshoe-shaped pad, where the 'arms' of the horseshoe cover the dorsal aspects of toes adjacent to the digit affected by a corn, and the U acts in the same manner as a crescent pad to protect the lesion
Plantar metatarsal padsPlantar coverA pad that covers the plantar skin of the forefoot, from the webbing to a line approximately 1cm distal to the bases of the metatarsals
U'd plantar coverA plantar cover into which a U has been cut to deflect pressure away from a plantar lesion. The U may be infilled with cushioning material
Winged plantar coverA plantar cover into which semicircular cutouts have been made, to deflect pressure from the 1 and/or 5 MTPJs
Plantar metatarsal padA pad applied to the 2/3/4 metatarsals, the distal limit of which applies pressure to the 2/3/4 metatarsal heads so that the 2/3/4 MTPJs are extended and the 2/3/4 toes realigned into a more functional position; the pad will also reduce compression between adjacent metatarsal heads
Plantar barA pad similar to a plantar cover, the distal limit of which had been shaped to accommodate up to 5 U'd areas
Shaft pad/long shaft padA pad applied to an individual metatarsal to allow sagittal-plane realignment
OthersD filler
Valgus pad
A pad that is shaped to infill the plantar aspect of the medial longitudinal arch to reduce excessive pronation or ease the pain of foot strain
Hallux valgus ovalAn oval pad, with or without a central cavity or hole, that is applied to the medial aspect of the 1 MTPJ to reduce local shear stresses in cases of HAV
Heel padA pad shaped to the plantar aspect of the heel, to cushion or reduce pressure to a plantar bursitis or heel spur
Posterior heel padA pad designed to deflect pressure from the posterior lateral area of the heel, in cases with Haglund's deformity
Doughnut pad
Ring pad
Oval pad
A circular pad with a central cavity or hole applied to the plantar aspect of the heel to protect the point of insertion of the plantar fascia
Cobra padA pad that combines a medial heel wedge, a valgus filler and a medial forefoot pad, to reduce excess foot pronation
Dumbbell padA pad that combines the action of a shaft pad to dorsiflex an individual metatarsal head, and an interdigital wedge, to reduce friction and pressure at the depth of the interdigital sulcus
Achilles tendon padA pad applied to the posterior aspect of the heel, to reduce pressure and friction at the insertion of the tendo Achilles

SCF, semicompressed felt; MTPJ, metatarsophalangeal joint; HAV, hallux abductovalgus.

prop,

n a device inserted between the jaws to maintain an open position of the mandible.
prop, ratchet type,
n a device placed in one side of the oral cavity that is used to keep the oral cavity of a patient open while work is performed on the other side. It can be set to various positions.
References in periodicals archive ?
GOING NOWHERE: Coventry fly-half Jon Higgins (above) and (right) Coventry chairman Keith Fairbrother (left) and joint director of rugby Ian Carvell look on as prop forward Kisi Pulu signs up for a second season at the Butts Park Arena.
Leonard also dispelled fears that he had joined the injury crisis currently afflicting England's prop forwards in the build-up to the clash with France.
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ST HELENS have confirmed the signing of Harlequins prop forward LOUIE MCCARTHY-SCARSBROOK on a four-year contract from 2011.
East Wales prop forward Sam Brinkworth (Llanishen Fach) was named man-of-the-match for a fine all-round display.
Prop forward Neil Eynon scored two of Pontypridd's six tries as the Welshmen kept alive hopes of qualifying for the play-offs in the Heineken Cup.
FORMER Great Britain Under-21 international prop forward Tim Street has rejoined Second Division Leigh for the third time.
The 26-year-old prop forward joined the Vikings from Hull in June 2012 and off the back of two successful seasons, Widnes boss Denis Betts has handed him a new contract which lasts to the end of the 2016 season.
St Helens prop forward Josh, 31, has been arrested and fined PS60 after police saw him running naked down a street.
HALIFAX have signed prop forward Tony Tonks from Super League neighbours Huddersfield.
The Rhinos' hopes of securing their first Cup success for 11 years were dealt a body blow with the loss of inspirational prop forward Jamie Peacock, who suffered a season-ending knee injury earlier this month.
I spent a long time in Dinas Powys seconds and played in every position, including, amazingly, prop forward,' he said.