prolapsed intervertebral disc

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prolapsed intervertebral disc

The backward expression of the pulpy centre (NUCLEUS PULPOSUS) of an intervertebral disc as a result of degenerative changes in the outer fibrous portion of the disc (the annulus fibrosus). Disc pulp is likely to press on adjacent spinal nerve roots causing severe pain and sometimes weakness in leg muscles. Also known as ‘slipped disc’.

intervertebral discs

the soft pads between the bodies of the vertebrae which make up the spinal column. Each disc has an inner spongy gelatinous substance (nucleus pulposus) surrounded by a protective ring of fibrocartilage (annulus fibrosus). The discs contribute to flexibility of the spine and act as shock absorbers. prolapsed intervertebral disc syn slipped disc protrusion of the nucleus pulposus through its fibrous covering into the spinal canal, due to degenerative changes, heavy lifting or injury in sport. Can press on the spinal cord or on the nerve roots, leading to pain, numbness, paraesthesia or even paralysis. Most common in the lumbar region, causing sciatica if the roots of the sciatic nerve are compressed. Diagnosis is clinical with MRI scanning to confirm. Treatment is initially rest with appropriate analgesia, then a programme of core muscle strengthening to prevent recurrence. Persistent neurological symptoms and signs require investigation and, rarely, surgical treatment with minimally invasive microdiscectomy. In sport the commonest disc injuries are in the lumbar and cervical regions, the latter typically in rugby (scrum collapse or direct injury in a tackle), in judo or in a fall from a height as in trampolining or gymnastics. These injuries highlight the need for adequately trained and experienced medical back-up.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Walden's career received a shattering blow almost a year ago when he suffered a prolapsed disc in his back while innocently picking up his young son.
The reigning Super Rugby champions said Read would have an operation Saturday on a prolapsed disc, which normally requires four months' recovery.
I use a mobility scooter, I've got a prolapsed disc and problems with my hips and knees.
After an MRI scan revealed a further prolapsed disc, he was advised another operation would be necessary and consultants confirmed that he would never be able to be active.
It was then that Sculthorpe suffered a prolapsed disc.
The Scarlets hooker will be sidelined for around three months after undergoing surgery on a prolapsed disc in his neck, having suffered the damage during a scrummaging session.
Particularly as she missed almost all of last season with a prolapsed disc and didn't start training until April.
But now I could be facing my greatest challenge after being diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2012 and excruciating sciatic pains in my legs which are the result of a prolapsed disc in 2003.
Ben had suffered a prolapsed disc when the wheel barrow he was pushing his fishing equipment around the lake in hit a tree root - jolting his spine out of place.
Duberry, 36, will have a neck operation next Thursday to fix a prolapsed disc in his neck.
The former Olympic heptathlon bronze medallist feared she would be forced to retire last year after suffering a prolapsed disc in her back.