Therefore, when a shutdown price exists quasi-rents equal to producers surplus and changes in quasi-rents, due to a multiple price change, are reflected in changes in producers' surplus
(Just et al.
To ignore or ascribe a lower weight to domestic and/or (potential) export generated producers' surplus
would be to inhibit activity and investment in these industries.
In turn, social surplus can be divided into one third consumers' surplus and two-thirds producers' surplus
Increasing price beyond the monopoly level reduces both consumers' and producers' surplus
Although TR always has a positive impact on consumers' surplus (because output prices fall) and on environmental quality (because of the superior-environmental-performance rule), it can reduce producers' surplus
by lowering the production costs of relatively inefficient firms, thereby helping these firms "steal" market share from more efficient firms.