Probiotics


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saccharomyces boulardii

(sak-a-roe-mye-seez boo-lar-dee) ,

Brewer's yeast

(trade name),

probiotics

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antidiarrheals
Treatment and prevention of diarrhea Irritable bowel syndrome.

Action

Saccharomyces boulardii is a non-pathogenic yeast used to colonize the gastrointestinal tract.

Therapeutic effects

Reduced number of bowel movements.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown
Distribution: Unknown
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown
Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile

ONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknown3 daysunknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity to yeast.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation;Immunocompromised patients (↑ risk of fungemia)

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Gastrointestinal

  • bloating
  • constipation
  • flatulence

Miscellaneous

  • fungemia
  • ↑ thirst

Interactions

Antifungals may decrease effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii None.
Oral (Adults) 250–500 mg two to four times a day

Availability

Capsules: 250 mg

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
  • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor CBC periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Diarrhea (Indications)

Implementation

  • Oral: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advise female patient to notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Resolution of diarrhea and decrease in number of loose stools.

Probiotics

Bacteria that are beneficial to a person's health, either through protecting the body against pathogenic bacteria or assisting in recovery from an illness.

Patient discussion about Probiotics

Q. I have heard probiotics, how do we maintain them naturally? I have heard probiotics i.e. useful bacteria should be maintained in the human guts…..how do we maintain them naturally?

A. look, i heard several microbiologists tell the same thing. all those yogurts that try to give us bacteria we already have - are just bull #$&*. it just look good in commercials. the L. casai that they publish is a bacteria you have in a great amount in your mouth anyway, every time you swallow saliva - you get tons of them inside of you anyway. no need to buy expensive "supplements".

Q. I wish to know whether consumption of probiotics in the form of medicine will have any side effects. I wish to know whether consumption of probiotics in the form of medicine will have any side effects. I wish to know the probable causes that could reduce them in gut?

A. Taking probiotics in pill form might have some side effect especially if taken in excess may lead to some gut infections. You may also feel formation of gas in stomach. Taking on antibiotics or consumption of any toxic food can reduce the probiotics in the guts.

Q. Dysbacteriosis I got dysbacteriosis when i was baby( too many antibiotic injections). I take probiotic every day(about 6 pills per day), but it doesn't realy help me. My doctor said, that it's no treatment. It is true? Any advice?

A. There is no cure however there is a treatment:
The treatment of dysbacteriosis must be complex, and are included the following measures:
-The correction of imunnogo status;
-Deliverance from the already existing infections;
-The elimination of the excess bacterial sowing of the small intestine;
-The restoration of normal microbial flora of thick gut;
-an improvement in the intestinal digestion and suction;
-the restoration of the disrupted motor activity of bowels;
-the stimulation of the reactivity of organism.
The correctly selected diet and fermentation preparations contribute to the treatment of dysbacteriosis. With dysbacteriosis the collection of products must correspond in composition and quantity of food substances, fermentative possibilities of the pathologically changed small intestine.

More discussions about Probiotics
References in periodicals archive ?
The report identifies which products contained what they claimed; provides product comparisons on types and amounts of probiotic organisms and price; and includes information about the usage, dosage, and potential side effects of probiotics.
In a Dutch study, the probiotic that was used was a mixture of six bacteria commonly found lining the gut of healthy people.
The researchers decided to evaluate the survival of probiotic microbial strains during ice cream storage because the effects of the freezing, thawing and the storage process have not been well-documented.
He stresses that probiotics are considered to be "functional foods" - products that have ingredients or components in them that can improve health or reduce disease risk in humans.
Key genera and species of probiotics (13) Genus Species Lactobacillus acidophilus brevis delbrueckii (a) fermentum gasseri johnsonii paracasei plantarum reuteri rhamnosus salivarius Bifidobacterium adolescentis animalis (b) bifidum breve infantis longum Streptococcus salivarius thermophilus Enterococcus faecium Escherichia coli Bacillus coagulans (c) clausii Saccharomyces cerevisiae (d) (a.
Experiments were conducted using the Simulator of Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem (SHIME), an in vitro simulation of the gastrointestinal tract used to analyse the effects of probiotics on the large intestine.
GanedenBC30 overcomes the shortcomings of other commonly used probiotics in that it easily withstands industrial food manufacturing, extreme temperatures, and product shelf life.
While gaps remain in understanding the mechanisms by which probiotics work, scientists have made great strides in the past 20 years in determining how natural bacteria can be added to foods to serve as protective agents.
The idea is that taking in certain probiotics on a regular basis might positively change the bacterial populations in the gut of older people," she said.
As a follow-up to reading the popular press article, I investigated and found that probiotics are being researched in the dental arena--a PubMed search shows several journals that have published articles on the relationship between probiotics and oral health.
Recent research into the possibilities of further enhancing the natural health benefits of cocoa and chocolate with probiotics only adds further weight to this argument.
Both the flavored water and the probiotic powder versions have a Berry Balance formula containing six probiotics to balance digestion, and Citrus Boost contains strains specifically selected for the immune function.