premature birth

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birth

 [berth]
a coming into being; the act or process of being born.
birth certificate a written, authenticated record of the birth of a child, required by state laws throughout the United States. After a birth is registered, a birth certificate is issued which represents legal proof of parentage, age, and citizenship, and is of great personal and legal importance. A birth certificate is required for many legal and business or personal transactions. Whether the child is born at home or at the hospital, the physician, midwife, or other attendant must report the birth to the local or state registrar. The report becomes a permanent record, and a certificate is issued to the parents. If a child dies during birth, an immediate report and certification of the birth and death are required, containing a statement of the cause of death.
birth control the concept of limiting the size of families by measures designed to prevent conception. The movement of that name began in modern times as a humanitarian reform to conserve the health of mothers and the welfare of children, especially among the poor. More recently it has been superseded by the term family planning, which means planning the arrival of children to correspond with the desire and resources of the married couple. See also contraception.
multiple birth the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
premature birth (preterm birth) expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become possible; defined as birth occurring before 37 completed weeks (295 days), counting from the first day of the last normal menstrual period. Approximately 6 to 8 per cent of all live births in the United States are premature, and premature births are the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality.

pre·ma·ture birth

birth of an infant who has achieved a gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks' gestation.

premature birth

n.
The birth of an infant after the period of viability but before full term.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.

pre·ma·ture birth

(prē'mă-chŭr' bĭrth)
Birth of an infant after viability has been achieved with gestation of at least 20 weeks or birth weight of at least 500 g, but before 37 weeks.

premature birth,

n a birth in which the child is delivered before it has reached the full period of gestation (37 weeks).

birth

a coming into being; the act or process of being born. See also parturition.

birth canal
the canal through which the fetus passes in birth; comprising the uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
birth cohort
see cohort.
birth control
a term rarely used in dealing with animals. Instead see population control, contraception.
birth defects
see congenital defects.
birth difficulties
dystocia.
birth injury
occurs to the fetus during birth. Includes rib fracture and meningeal hemorrhage.
birth interval
the interval between succeeding parturitions. See also calving interval.
multiple birth
the birth of two or more offspring produced in the same gestation period.
birth order
the chronological order of births in a multiple birth. May have significance in causing stillbirths if the intervals between births are prolonged because of inertia.
premature birth
expulsion of the fetus from the uterus before termination of the normal gestation period, but after independent existence has become a possibility. In humans prematurity is defined as a pregnancy of less than 37 weeks in a pregnancy normally lasting 40 weeks.
birth process
comprises maturation of the fetus, relaxation of the bony pelvis and associated ligaments, softening and relaxation of the cervix, vagina, vulva and perineum, correct disposition of the fetus, contractions of the uterine myometrium and finally the only component under voluntary control, contraction of the abdominal muscles.
birth rate
the number of births during one year for the total population (crude birth rate), for the female population (refined birth rate), or for the female population of reproductive age (true birth rate). Not a term much used with reference to animals. See calving, lambing rate.
birth size
stature, including height at withers, crown to tail head length at birth.
birth weight
the weight at birth. A significant determinant of survival in any species and of the occurrence of dystocia. See also prolonged gestation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prolacta Bioscience (Prolacta), the first and only company to offer human milk fortifier (HMF) made from 100% human breast milk for critically ill, premature infants, has announced an agreement to establish National Milk Bank as a Prolacta affiliate milk bank partner.
AEROSURF is in development to provide KL4 surfactant therapy through nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants.
And that's appropriate, Sigman-Grant believes, because of the small volumes of milk that hospitals typically serve newborns -- especially premature infants.
The NTrainer System complements GE Healthcare's current product portfolio for premature infants in the NICU" stated Carrie Eglington Manner, General Manager of the MIC division of GE Healthcare.
Their initial focus will be on the development of AEROSURF, Discovery Labs' combination drug/device product, which is currently in phase 2 development to provide KL4 surfactant therapy through nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants.
Elated researchers suggest that the genetically engineered drug, called gamma interferon, may one day benefit a broad range of patients with damaged or immature immune systems, including premature infants, cancer victims and the elderly.
Prolacta Bioscience([R]) applauds a recent study announcing the cost benefit of human milk-based human milk fortification for extremely premature infants that supports the movement in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to provide this population of critically ill infants with an exclusively human milk-based diet.
And while providing new technologies for these premature infants is our top priority, our longer term goal is to leverage our technology into developing products for other potential indications for which our proprietary KL4 surfactant could be of use.
Some infants, particularly premature infants, have a high susceptibility to disease--possibly because of IgG shortages, he says.
Prolacta Bioscience, the first and only company to offer Human Milk Fortifier (HMF) made from 100% human breast milk for critically ill premature infants, has announced an additional financial donation of over $38,000 to Susan G.
AEROSURF is a novel investigational drug-device combination product being developed to deliver Discovery Labs' KL4 surfactant in aerosolized form to premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).
It also occurs frequently in normal premature infants, and in some full-term babies, because the immature liver is incapable of clearing even normal levels of bilirubin from the blood.