Poxviridae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Poxviridae: poxvirus, Adenoviridae, Herpesviridae, Hepadnaviridae

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē),
A family of large complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals. Virions are large, up to 250 × 400 nm, and enveloped (double membranes). Replication occurs entirely in the cytoplasm of infected cells. Capsids are of complex symmetry and contain double-stranded DNA (MW 160 × 106), the nucleoprotein antigen being common to all members of the family. Several genera are recognized, including: Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

/Pox·vi·ri·dae/ (poks″vir´ĭ-de) the poxviruses: a family of DNA viruses with a double-stranded DNA genome, including viruses causing smallpox and the pox diseases of other animals; the two subfamilies are Chordopoxvirinae (poxviruses of vertebrates) and Entomopoxvirinae (poxviruses of insects).

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē)
A family of large, complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals; a number of genera are recognized, including, Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

a family of viruses, the members of which are large, brick- or oval-shaped particles containing a double-strand DNA genome that replicate in the cytoplasm of cells. There are six genera in the family: (1) Orthopoxvirus, which includes alastrim, buffalopox, camelpox, cowpox, ectromelia (mousepox), horsepox, monkeypox, rabbitpox, vaccinia, variola; (2) Avipoxvirus, closely related viruses that include canarypox, fowlpox, juncopox, lovebirdpox, pigeonpox, quailpox, sparrowpox, starlingpox, turkeypox and others; (3) Capripoxvirus, which includes goatpox, lumpy skin disease, and sheeppox viruses; (4) Leporipoxvirus, which includes squirrel, hare, and rabbit (Shope) fibroma viruses and myxoma viruses; (5) Suipoxvirus, which includes swinepox virus; (6) Parapoxvirus, which includes contagious ecthyma, bovine papular stomatitis, sealionpox and pseudocowpox viruses. There are also unclassified poxviruses isolated from cats, elephants, lions, raccoons and gerbils.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors who reported the sequence posit that this insertion and deletion resulted from a single event, and the identifying sequence is the only evidence of either the insertion or the exact deletion in any Poxviridae isolate (37).
7%) with condor poxvirus (CPV), followed by approximately 92% similarity with canary poxvirus (CNPV) and Hawaiian goose poxvirus (HGPV), but less similarity (approximately 69%) to fowl poxvirus (FPV), the type species of the genus Avipoxvirus of the family Poxviridae.
Throughout most of Brazil, vaccinia virus (VACV), family Poxviridae, is the etiologic agent of bovine vaccinia (7).
Evidence suggesting the placement of viruses in families Arenaviridae, Paramyxoviridae, or Poxviridae.
To the Editor: Swinepox virus (SWPV), which replicates only in swine, belongs to the Suipoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family.