Poxviridae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē),
A family of large complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals. Virions are large, up to 250 × 400 nm, and enveloped (double membranes). Replication occurs entirely in the cytoplasm of infected cells. Capsids are of complex symmetry and contain double-stranded DNA (MW 160 × 106), the nucleoprotein antigen being common to all members of the family. Several genera are recognized, including: Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

/Pox·vi·ri·dae/ (poks″vir´ĭ-de) the poxviruses: a family of DNA viruses with a double-stranded DNA genome, including viruses causing smallpox and the pox diseases of other animals; the two subfamilies are Chordopoxvirinae (poxviruses of vertebrates) and Entomopoxvirinae (poxviruses of insects).

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē)
A family of large, complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals; a number of genera are recognized, including, Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

a family of viruses, the members of which are large, brick- or oval-shaped particles containing a double-strand DNA genome that replicate in the cytoplasm of cells. There are six genera in the family: (1) Orthopoxvirus, which includes alastrim, buffalopox, camelpox, cowpox, ectromelia (mousepox), horsepox, monkeypox, rabbitpox, vaccinia, variola; (2) Avipoxvirus, closely related viruses that include canarypox, fowlpox, juncopox, lovebirdpox, pigeonpox, quailpox, sparrowpox, starlingpox, turkeypox and others; (3) Capripoxvirus, which includes goatpox, lumpy skin disease, and sheeppox viruses; (4) Leporipoxvirus, which includes squirrel, hare, and rabbit (Shope) fibroma viruses and myxoma viruses; (5) Suipoxvirus, which includes swinepox virus; (6) Parapoxvirus, which includes contagious ecthyma, bovine papular stomatitis, sealionpox and pseudocowpox viruses. There are also unclassified poxviruses isolated from cats, elephants, lions, raccoons and gerbils.
References in periodicals archive ?
Poxviruses are enveloped, linear, double-stranded DNA viruses in the order Caudovirales and family Poxviridae.
Paramyxoviridae, Flaviviridae, Herpesviridae, Papillomaviridae, Picornaviridae, Poxviridae, Reoviridae, and Rhabdoviridae) have been found to infect camels (37-39).
Viruses in the family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus, consist of numerous pathogens known to infect humans, including variola virus (VARV), monkeypox virus (MPXV), cowpox virus (CPXV), and vaccinia virus (VACV).
cgi) identified cowpox virus (CPXV; family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus) in all cases.
Chordopoxviridae is a subfamily of Poxviridae that contains large double-stranded DNA viruses that replicate in the cellular cytoplasm and are known to infect a wide range of vertebrates.
Throughout most of Brazil, vaccinia virus (VACV), family Poxviridae, is the etiologic agent of bovine vaccinia (7).
Evidence suggesting the placement of viruses in families Arenaviridae, Paramyxoviridae, or Poxviridae.
To the Editor: Swinepox virus (SWPV), which replicates only in swine, belongs to the Suipoxvirus genus of the Poxviridae family.
Cowpox virus (family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus [OPV]) was originally considered to infect milking cows and to have zoonotic potential.