Poxviridae

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Related to Pox virus: chicken pox

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē),
A family of large complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals. Virions are large, up to 250 × 400 nm, and enveloped (double membranes). Replication occurs entirely in the cytoplasm of infected cells. Capsids are of complex symmetry and contain double-stranded DNA (MW 160 × 106), the nucleoprotein antigen being common to all members of the family. Several genera are recognized, including: Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

/Pox·vi·ri·dae/ (poks″vir´ĭ-de) the poxviruses: a family of DNA viruses with a double-stranded DNA genome, including viruses causing smallpox and the pox diseases of other animals; the two subfamilies are Chordopoxvirinae (poxviruses of vertebrates) and Entomopoxvirinae (poxviruses of insects).

Pox·vir·i·dae

(poks-vir'i-dē)
A family of large, complex viruses, with a marked affinity for skin tissue, which are pathogenic for humans and other animals; a number of genera are recognized, including, Orthopoxvirus, Avipoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Parapoxvirus.

Poxviridae

a family of viruses, the members of which are large, brick- or oval-shaped particles containing a double-strand DNA genome that replicate in the cytoplasm of cells. There are six genera in the family: (1) Orthopoxvirus, which includes alastrim, buffalopox, camelpox, cowpox, ectromelia (mousepox), horsepox, monkeypox, rabbitpox, vaccinia, variola; (2) Avipoxvirus, closely related viruses that include canarypox, fowlpox, juncopox, lovebirdpox, pigeonpox, quailpox, sparrowpox, starlingpox, turkeypox and others; (3) Capripoxvirus, which includes goatpox, lumpy skin disease, and sheeppox viruses; (4) Leporipoxvirus, which includes squirrel, hare, and rabbit (Shope) fibroma viruses and myxoma viruses; (5) Suipoxvirus, which includes swinepox virus; (6) Parapoxvirus, which includes contagious ecthyma, bovine papular stomatitis, sealionpox and pseudocowpox viruses. There are also unclassified poxviruses isolated from cats, elephants, lions, raccoons and gerbils.
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of sheep pox virus in Al Hassa of Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Fowl pox virus does not perpetrate in tad skin, some break in the skin is required for the virus to enter the cells, grow and cause disease.
Oxman of UC San Diego would like to find a way to keep the chicken pox virus dormant forever.
You put the naked genome into a cell which has been infected by a related pox virus, see?
Months to years later, when the opportunity is ripe, the chicken pox virus again becomes active and causes an isolated tender patch of bumps that become blisters and scabs over a several day period.
In studies conducted at collaborating research centers, the in vitro effectiveness of our Hemopurifier[R] to rapidly capture highly fatal H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus (bird flu), the reconstructed Spanish Flu Virus of 1918, Monkey Pox Virus, and West Nile Virus have all been documented since the beginning of the year.
THERE are fears a red squirrel population could be "devastated" after one was found dead having contracted the squirrel pox virus.
The finding emphasizes the importance of only giving the vaccine to patients who have had chicken pox because shingles arises when the chicken pox virus that remains dormant in the body is reactivated.
The National Trust's Wallington property has long been a haven for the endangered animals but a bout of squirrel pox virus spread by grey squirrels in 2012 nearly devastated the estate's population.
Goat pox virus (GTPV) belongs to the Capri poxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
Their decline was blamed on the grey - imported from North America in 1876 - which spreads the squirrel pox virus.
The endangered species' population at Formby National Trust was severely hit in 2008 when around 90% died in a squirrel pox virus outbreak.