The two pontiffs met and exchanged gifts on Friday morning in Pope
Francis' library, along with delegations of bishops and cardinals from their respective churches.
Papal teachings on sacred music are not the invention of personal preferences attributed to individual popes
, but rather are the result of consistent, theological reasoning reflected in the consistent periodic pronouncements from the Church.
JOHN PAUL II's declarations on birth control were out of step with Africa's AIDS crisis and a plurality of American Catholics, and his investigation into 2001's priest sex scandal was, to put it charitably, unaggressive.
In Wojtyla, the man of the stage and the man who would become prelate and pope
are like two fierce flames conjoined.
Only a dozen popes
have reigned for 20 years or more.
In a celebrated incident from 1076, for example, Pope
Gregory VII and King Henry IV of England fell into a dispute over who should have the power to name church bishops--church leaders or government officials.
132) Paolo Giovio claimed that Leo X "celebrated always and performed all the offices of the ceremonies with singular majesty, in such a way that one could truly say that there was never one of the previous popes
who more honorably or with greater respect offered the sacrifice [of the Mass] than did Pope
The next pope
will have to address a host of complex issues that have grown more and more contentious during John Paul II's reign.
Wills sees many of the popes
since his day (though not John XXIII) as Pio Nono's heirs, and he portrays that legacy as a disaster.
Italian journalist Luigi Accatolli has documented 94 occasions when the Pope
has apologized publicly for different aspects of his Church's history.
I would rather sleep in pajamas," says the Pope
, angrily stamping his foot.
The objects, including tiaras, sketches, jewelry, vestments and sculptures, as well as gifts to the popes
from notables Napoleon and the Dalai Lama, are on loan from the Vatican, the Vatican Museums, the archives of the Propaganda Fide, the Pontifical Sacristy, the Sistine Chapel, and Roman churches administered by the Vatican.