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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


n the proof presented at a trial by the parties through witnesses, records, documents, and concrete objects for the purpose of inducing the court or jury to believe their contentions.
evidence, radiographic,
n the shadow images depicted in radiographs.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
Further to the above, I would like it to be known that the polygraph test was not allowed to be presented as evidence in my defence.
They also rated the probability of guilt, the accuracy of polygraph tests, and the weight on each testimony.
There is this idea, mainly from TV and films, that polygraph tests are quick and dramatic and that the subject can somehow be coerced into it.
Probation chiefs said those low-key trials showed polygraph tests had helped control the behaviour of sex offenders.
The story said the panel found the science behind polygraphs dubious and noted that a polygraph test is not admissible in court as evidence.
The compulsory use of polygraph tests and tracking devices could radically improve the supervision of sex offenders released in to the community, Barnardo's said.
Personnel General Manager Margaret Whelan said she is confident the six new officers hired have been thoroughly questioned during polygraph tests and do not pose a risk to the department.
6) Additionally, in 2002, three men confessed to murders following their polygraph tests.
It helps establish common terms, concepts, and processes for those who administer and analyze polygraph tests.
Polygraph tests will be used to monitor whether suspected reoffenders are telling the truth about their behaviour, such as obeying bail conditions to keep away from schools and playgrounds.
Because of the limitations of polygraph tests - they're not always reliable and can't be used on pregnant women or people under the influence of drugs or alcohol - Lane County Detective Matt Keetle helped push a bill through the last session of the state Legislature to allow law enforcement to use a "voice stress analyzer" instead.
Researchers at the University of San Francisco have discovered that a small portion of the population is naturally able to detect liars more accurately than traditional polygraph tests.