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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


n the proof presented at a trial by the parties through witnesses, records, documents, and concrete objects for the purpose of inducing the court or jury to believe their contentions.
evidence, radiographic,
n the shadow images depicted in radiographs.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
The study found that with examinees untrained in countermeasures designed to beat the test, specific-incident polygraph tests "can discriminate lying from truth-telling at rates well above chance, though well below perfection.
The federal district courts uniformly forbid admission of polygraph results to prove guilt or innocence, but they do not always forbid parties to refer to polygraph tests.
Rovner writes that there are several books and pamphlets available on the internet which claim to teach people how to beat a polygraph test.
These psychological honesty tests have long been on the market as an alternative to the preemployment polygraph test.
Bingham said the pair was dropped as suspects in part because of the polygraph test and because the dogs did not ``hit'' on the couple's apartment in later search attempts.
Researchers at Manchester Metropolitan University claim it is even more accurate than the CIA's polygraph tests.
Energy Department security chief Mr Eugene Habiger said FBI and department investigators plan to use polygraph tests to question the 85 people with access to the area where computer hard drives were stored.
Lee Bailey, a prominent criminal lawyer, spoke about polygraph tests at an advocacy institute in Ann Arbor, MI.
In an effort to speed up the police recruiting process, the City Council on Tuesday approved a $615,000 contract with a company to conduct polygraph tests on new recruits.
The 23-member panel found it ``troubling'' that only 4 percent to 6 percent of applicants pass the battery of written tests, interviews, background checks and polygraph tests that can take up to six months or more.
The recent initiation of polygraph tests for candidates has reduced the number sharply.
However, the son was eliminated from the suspect list after taking two polygraph tests, Smith said.