refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our aim is that political refugees enter the market in jobs where mostly foreigners are being hired," Sylikiotis said yesterday.
He added: "It takes vast efforts to understand who the government's so-called social policy is aimed at; this government was rightfully named the government of political refugees and not the government of the real refugees and the Cypriot people.
The committee later announced that even though there were no illegal immigrants in Larnaca, there were still around 2,100 political refugees Au mainly Palestinians and Kurds Au who were not only living in ghetto-like conditions, appointed to just one neighbourhood, they are not finding work, thus increasing their demand for state aid.
I'm proud of this country's humanitarian record but it is being abused by traffickers who don't differentiate between political refugees and economic ones.
The hunger strikers didn't want a hand-out or welfare; they were just fighting for the right to be able to live their lives the way they wanted without the restrictions imposed on political refugees.
The Libyan minister told : 'The Sultanate of Oman has accepted to treat them as political refugees and this is its right.
More than one million Libyan political refugees are estimated to be living in Egypt, Tunisia, and elsewhere.
We would like the UNHCR to be the ones who determine whether these boat people are political refugees," said Sunai Phasuk, Thailand representative for Human Rights Watch.
However, the premier said the deportation measure excludes political refugees from Sudan and Eritrea.
Kuhn's responsibilities as a bilingual social worker in the Cuban refugee program were to arrange for their public assistance as political refugees and to help them cope with the trauma of uprooting themselves from living under a communist regime to living in a democratic society.
In Switzerland, the Bulgarian Roma would often seek asylum in refugee camps for Kurds where they could get shelter, food, and EUR 600 month as political refugees.
BAGHDAD / Aswat al-Iraq: Iraqiya bloc spokeswoman declared today necessity of solving anti-Iranian Ashraf camp residents in a humane behavior as political refugees because they do not carry weapons.