polioencephalomalacia

(redirected from Polioencephalomalasia)

polioencephalomalacia

(pō'lē-ō-en-sef'ă-lō-mă-lā'shē-ă),
Cerebrocortical necrosis in sheep and goats, also seen in cattle, deer, and antelope. Associated with thiamine deficiency, water deprivation-sodium ion toxicosis, lead poisoning, and particularly with high dietary sulfur levels leading to high hydrogen sulfide and acetic acid levels in the rumen, which adversely affect carbohydrate metabolism.

polioencephalomalacia

softening of the cerebrocortical gray matter distributed in a laminar pattern. Called also laminar cortical necrosis, cortical necrosis.

periventricular polioencephalomalacia
degenerative changes in periventricular nuclei in carnivores in thiamin deficiency. See thiamin nutritional deficiency.
ruminant polioencephalomalacia
a sporadic disease of unknown etiology occurring in cattle and sheep. The lesion is associated with thiamin deficiency or a disturbance in thiamin metabolism. It is characterized by a sudden onset of blindness, nystagmus, opisthotonos and tonic convulsions. Mild cases may remain standing, walk aimlessly and head press. At autopsy there is cerebral edema and laminar necrosis of the gray matter of the brain. Called also cerebrocortical necrosis.