poliovirus vaccine

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Related to Polio vaccine: BCG vaccine

poliovirus vaccine

a vaccine prepared from poliovirus to confer immunity to it. The inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is a suspension of three strains of polioviruses that have been inactivated in formalin so that normal activity of the organisms has been destroyed. IPV is given subcutaneously at 2 mo, 4 mo, between 6 and 18 mo, and between 4 and 6 yr, and is the form of vaccination recommended in the United States. A trivalent live oral form of vaccine, TOPV, rarely causes vaccine-associated paralysis after administration. This reaction has not occurred with IPV and is the reason that use of TOPV is being discontinued in the United States. TOPV is, nevertheless, the treatment of choice in areas of the world where polio is still endemic. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine; poliovirus vaccine, inactivated; Salk vaccine.

poliovirus vaccine, inactivated

po·li·o·vi·rus vac·cine

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs vak-sēn')
1. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), an aqueous suspension of inactivated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) used by injection.
2. Oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), an aqueous suspension of live, attenuated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) given orally for active immunization against poliomyelitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The UAE has immunised millions of Pakistani children with 44 million polio vaccines in the first three months of 2015 as part of the Emirates Polio Campaign.
Dr Nussaibah said that the DHA provided additional training for the 116 schools that have vaccine qualified clinics so that they can administer the polio vaccine.
He said that Punjab Health Department has polio vaccine in abundance.
Its protocols state that the polio vaccine must be received between four weeks and 12 months before the date of departure from the polio-infected country.
WHO has recommended that OPV be phased out worldwide and replaced by the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV).
Woman with baby in her arms while receiving the polio vaccine.
In Kano, the largest city in northern Nigeria, assailants descended on two clinics where polio vaccines are administered.
The new oral polio vaccine is effective against Type 1 and 3 poliovirus simultaneously.
Initially, a trivalent oral polio vaccine which catered to all the strains was used.
In response to the outbreaks, Nigeria has conducted nationwide supplementary polio vaccine campaigns this year.
The shot combines the DTaP, hepatitis B and polio vaccines.
Over the past fifteen years, questions from concerned parents have led to the development of the VAER, legislation to begin the Vaccine Injury & Compensation Program (VICP), changes in the pertussis vaccine, phasing out of the oral polio vaccine, rejection of the rotavirus vaccine, moratorium on the administration of Hepatitis B vaccine at birth, removal of mercury from vaccines and more thorough research on vaccines.