solvent

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solvent

 [sol´vent]
1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the substance, usually a liquid, in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt),
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, that is, dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

/sol·vent/ (sol´vent)
1. dissolving; effecting a solution.
2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution present in greater amount.

solvent

[sol′vənt]
Etymology: L, solvere, to dissolve
1 any liquid in which another substance can be dissolved.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
an organic liquid, such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and other volatile petroleum distillates, that when inhaled can cause intoxication as well as damage to mucous membranes of the nose and throat and the tissues of the kidney, liver, and brain. Repeated, prolonged exposure can result in addiction, brain damage, blindness, and other serious consequences, some of them fatal. See also benzene poisoning, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, glue sniffing, petroleum distillate poisoning.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

a liquid in which another substance (a SOLUTE) may be dissolved to form a solution; the solvent is the larger part of the solution.

solvent

agent that dissolves fats or greases, e.g. alcohol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ether

solvent,

n a dissolving agent of a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent,

n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances; a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute.

solvent

1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the liquid in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

solvent drag
transfer of solutes across the intestinal wall by being carried along with the water flow driven by osmotic gradients across cell membranes.
solvent extraction of oil seeds
the oil is extracted by organic solvents, a modern process largely displacing extraction by pressure. The resulting cake or meal may be toxic, e.g. trichloroethylene extracted soybean meal.
solvent poisoning
cases of poisoning may be due to the solvent used in a medication, especially when these are petroleum products, as they are in many insecticide preparations.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, for PVAc-solvent mixtures it can be concluded that the compatibility order is polar solvents > association solvents and that, in the studied temperature range, it was unreliable to determine thermodynamic parameters for mixtures with dispersion solvents, because no bulk interactions existed.
In addition, Kraton D1155BJ, D1162 and D1164 polymers are highly suitable for lower cost formulations as well as enhanced compatibility with VOC-exempt polar solvents.
It is designed to be utilized in services requiring outstanding resistance to strong bases and amines, and good resistance to polar solvents.
Just keep in mind that polar solvents are bad for nitrile-rubber orings, causing softening, swelling, and degradation.
In less polar solvents, which have a low dielectric constant and hence have poor ion-pair dissociating and ion-solvating abilities, the concentration of free ions is very low, as in the case of THF or even negligible, as in the case of heptane.
During the process of polymerization, the molecule of interest is entrapped within the polymer, which finally can be crushed, sieved, and washed with highly polar solvents to remove the template molecule.
In polar solvents, such as water, the isolated peptide adopts an asymmetric conformation; however, when binding cations it assumes various [C.
Non-polar solvents for example, remove volatile terpenes and aldehydes, aliphatic oils, fats, waxes, higher alcohols and plant sterols; medium polar solvents remove amorphous resins, resin acids, phlobaphenes and some glycosides.
Consequently, it can be seen that for NR/CR and NR/NBR blends, with its major polar structures, the percentage of change of mass is less when immersed in nonpolar heptane compared with acetone and toluene, which are both polar solvents.
Many studies have confirmed that also in other plant species polar solvents produce a higher yield of phenolic concentration compared with the non-polar ones (Trabelsi et al.
Finally, noticeable shrinking, instead of swelling, was observed with several non-polar and polar solvents.