solvent

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solvent

 [sol´vent]
1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the substance, usually a liquid, in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt),
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, that is, dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

/sol·vent/ (sol´vent)
1. dissolving; effecting a solution.
2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution present in greater amount.

solvent

[sol′vənt]
Etymology: L, solvere, to dissolve
1 any liquid in which another substance can be dissolved.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
an organic liquid, such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and other volatile petroleum distillates, that when inhaled can cause intoxication as well as damage to mucous membranes of the nose and throat and the tissues of the kidney, liver, and brain. Repeated, prolonged exposure can result in addiction, brain damage, blindness, and other serious consequences, some of them fatal. See also benzene poisoning, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, glue sniffing, petroleum distillate poisoning.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

a liquid in which another substance (a SOLUTE) may be dissolved to form a solution; the solvent is the larger part of the solution.

solvent

agent that dissolves fats or greases, e.g. alcohol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ether

solvent,

n a dissolving agent of a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent,

n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances; a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute.

solvent

1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the liquid in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

solvent drag
transfer of solutes across the intestinal wall by being carried along with the water flow driven by osmotic gradients across cell membranes.
solvent extraction of oil seeds
the oil is extracted by organic solvents, a modern process largely displacing extraction by pressure. The resulting cake or meal may be toxic, e.g. trichloroethylene extracted soybean meal.
solvent poisoning
cases of poisoning may be due to the solvent used in a medication, especially when these are petroleum products, as they are in many insecticide preparations.
References in periodicals archive ?
These media are of high fundamental importance as they help to fill the prominent gap that exists in our knowledge between the polar solvents and the gas phase.
The studied polar solvents were: water, methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, and 2-propanol; the amphiphilic solvents were: 2-butanol and cyclopentanol; and finally the nonpolar solvents were: n-hexane, toluene, and isooctane.
Unlikely, alcohols, which are polar solvents, produced lower degrees of swelling according to the following sequence: isopropanol>ethanol>methanol.
Varian Polymer Laboratories' new medium polarity gel permeation chromatography/size exclusion chromatography (GPC/SEC) column is designed for use in polar solvents such as dimethyl formamide, dimethyl sulfoxide and also solvent combinations such as tetrahydrofuran with water.
Subsequent experiments with a wide variety of solvents and co-solvents indicated that heavy oils and nonvolatile polar solvents gave the lowest PCP vaporization rates, while southern pine lumber treated with methylene chloride or mineral spirits without a nonvolatile co-solvent gave the highest rates of PCP vaporization (Ingram et al.
and a brown color in polar solvents such as acetone, alcohol, pyridine, etc.
We have packaged our enabling technology capabilities into a unique, simple-to-use service that can enable companies to reduce or replace polar solvents such as detergents and surfactants, alcohols and other broadly used solvents like DMSO, as well as to replace regular water and even lyophilization.
The difference in the diameter of fibers synthesized in polar or non-polar solvents can be explained by the relatively high-dielectric constant and dipole moment of polar solvents (19).
Project Scoping and Detailed Work Plan: Working with project sponsors, a list of common aqueous solutions of polar solvents and emulsions to be the focus of the program will be determined.
7,704,518, entitled "Foamable vehicle and pharmaceutical compositions thereof" claims carriers based on polyol or polyethylene glycol polar solvents, and pharmaceutical compositions and methods of treatment with a wide variety of active agents, which can be delivered to a multiplicity of sites, including skin and various body cavities, such as the vagina.
The main components of this carrier are propylene glycol, glycerin and additional polar solvents, which are known to enhance the delivery of active agents into the skin, while providing a high skin hydration effect.