2% * Other includes outbreaks caused by Salmonella, Campylobacter, Plesiomonas
, cyanobacterial toxin(s), or multiple etiologies.
In Cameroon, an outbreak due to Plesiomonas
shigelloides was successfully investigated highlighting the importance of collaboration between epidemiologists and microbiologists.
45) Other diarrheagenic bacterial pathogens isolated from South African patients with HIV include Campylobacter spp, Plesiomonas
shigelloides, and Aeromonas spp.
shigelloides (Bader 1954), and Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan 1890) were common among both the tissue homogenates and fluids.
CDC defines unspecified agents as "a group of less understood agents" that may be possible causes of foodborne illness, including mushroom and marine biotoxins and little-known bacterial pathogens like Aeoromonas, Edwarsiella, and Plesiomonas
The stool samples were taken during 2006-2008 and were tested for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Salmonella, Vibrio, Shigella, Aeromonas, and Plesiomonas
Vibrio and Related Species, Aeromonas, Plesiomonas
, Campylobacter, and Others, in Bailey and Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology.
Water has been considered a possible reservoir and vehicle of human infections for Plesiomonas
shigelloides (Abbey, Emerinwe, Phill, & Amadi, 1993) and is the most common route of infection of Cryptosporidium and Giardia (Smith, 1993).
Vibrio, Alteromonas, Plesiomonas
, and Pseudomonas); and natural toxins from blue-green algae.
The media selected should also be adequate to recover less-common enteric pathogens, such as Yersinia enterocolitica, Plesiomonas
shigelloides, and Aeromonas species (e.
alginolyticus (Grischkowsky & Liston 1974, Elston 1989), or Plesiomonas
shigelloides (Prescott et al.
cholerae 1 11 Hepatitis A virus 1 46 Plesiomonas
shigelloides 1 60 Total 47 422,298 62 6,562 Etiological Agent Individual Water All Systems Systems Outbreaks Cases Outbreaks Cases Undetermined 3 51 52 15,486 Chemical 6 8 23 523 Giardia 2 12 15 2,126 Cryptosporidium * 2 39 11 408,331 Norwalk-like virus 2 742 Campylobacter 4 230 Salmonella, nontyphoid 1 625 E.