plantain

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plantain

(1) A perennial herb, the seeds of which contain alkaloids, glycosides, mucilage, silica and tannins. Plantains are anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant.

Chinese medicine
Plantain is used for dysuria, ocular pain, urinary tract infections, poor vision and problems of childbirth.

Herbal medicine
Western herbal medicine, plantains are used internally as bulk laxatives, for bronchitis, cystitis, diarrhoea, fungal infections, haemorrhoids, hepatitis, neuralgias and urinary tract infections, and topically for cuts, stings, bites, tumours and varicose veins. 
 
(2) Psyllium, see there; Plantago psyllium.

plantain,

n Latin names:
Plantago lanceolata, Plantago major, Plantago ovata, Plantago psyllium; parts used: husks, leaves, seeds; uses: bulking laxative, cough, urinary conditions, diarrhea, antiinflammatory; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, carbamazepine, cardiac medications, lithium. Also called
blond plantago, broadleaf plantain, buckhorn, cart tract plant, common plantain, English plantain, flea seed, French psyllium, greater plantain, Indian plantago, lanten, narrowleaf plantago seed, plantain seed, ribwort, ripple grass, snakeweed, Spanish psyllium, tract plant, way-bread, white man's foot, wild plantain, or
wild saso. Please note that this is not the same plantain as the starchy type of banana of the same name. See also psyllium, blonde and psyllium.

plantain

two plant species are called by this common name. See plantagovaria.
References in classic literature ?
On the morning after her arrival, the ship was surrounded by canoes and pirogues, filled with the islanders of both sexes, bringing off supplies of fruits and vegetables, bananas, plantains, watermelons, yams, cabbages and taro.
The key is down by the front door under a plantain leaf
I wish there were any likelihood of my soon seeing Primrose, Periwinkle, Dandelion, Sweet Fern, Clover Plantain, Huckleberry, Milkweed, Cowslip, Buttercup, Blue Eye, and Squash Blossom again.
Banana and plantain trees were burdened with great bunches of ripening fruit.
The neighbour ran, and in came a brisk little old lady in cap and specs, with a bundle of herbs under her arm, which she at once applied in all sorts of funny ways, explaining their virtues as she clapped a plantain poultice here, put a pounded catnip plaster there, or tied a couple of mullein leaves round the sufferer's throat.
Fruits, berries, and tender plantain found a place upon his menu in the order that he happened upon them, for he did not seek such foods.
Mango herself, of the great house of Mango, Plantain, and Co.
A population of dandelions and plantains may indicate a compacted soil layer or hardpan beneath the lawn.
2 ripe plantains, peeled and thinly sliced lengthwise
More than 1,000 farmers, who cultivate some 2,588 hectares of bananas and plantains were affected by the hurricane, and under the project 90% of farms will be rehabilitated.
No fresh vegetables and no potatoes, only local tubers like manioc, taro and plantains.
play time Pupils of Longroyde Junior School and Fixby Junior and Infant School, who presented the play Anancy and the 13 Plantains AFRICAN Caribbean groups in Huddersfield joined forces to celebrate Black History Month.