However, some pit latrines
will be kept under care and maintenance to serve as backup in the event there is water shortage,' she said.
Caption: In the Upper Saloum district of The Gambia, a team led by Paul Emerson of the International Trachoma Initiative built pit latrines
to deter open defecation and, possibly, the transmission of C.
Respondents from 17 out of 30 households at the Ashongman village used pit latrines
, while respondents from 12 households resorted to open defecation and respondent from one household used a water closet at Ashongman community (Table 2).
Other studies showed that a simple pit latrine
, one of the most basic forms of the household sanitation offers an inexpensive alternative to expensive and environmentally intensive sewage system.
2003 through April 1999 streptococci, relationship fecal between coliforms, microbiological nitrate contamination and pit latrine
proximity Still and Bimonthly, Fecal Low levels of Nash 2002 2000-2002 coliforms, nitrate (< nitrate 10 mg/L) and fecal coliforms (10 cfu/100 mL) found > 1 m of latrine Ahmed et al.
Laboratory tests using synthetic sludge demonstrated that a mini-ball penetrometer typically used in the offshore drilling industry to test very weak marine muds could produce the necessary precision to characterise pit latrine
Uwamwezi managed to flee to neighbouring Burundi,but her husband,five children and sister were killed by Hutu neighbours and dumped in a pit latrine
at the family's house.
What I got was a lake, a covered wagon open on each side, a small army cot, a pit latrine
, no telephones, no TV, no electricity, and worst of all, no candy.
I have neither electricity nor modern pit latrine
, and although I own a water pipe, there are frequent water cuts", he says.
Amref, through Chuodho Women's Group, celebrated 75 villages in Kuria West that had attained open defecation-free status by community drive to ensure all homesteads have at least a pit latrine
Up to 6,000 people are expected benefit from the three-month project, which will involve the construction of a borehole, ventilated improved pit latrine
and sanitation tool kits.