physical dependence

(redirected from Physical dependency)

dependence

 [de-pen´dens]
a need for something; sometimes used as a synonym for drug dependence.
chemical dependence (drug dependence) see drug dependence.
emotional dependence psychological dependence.
physical dependence (physiological dependence) drug dependence in which the drug is used to prevent withdrawal symptoms or in which it is associated with tolerance, or both.
psychoactive substance dependence drug dependence.
psychological dependence drug dependence in which the drug is used to obtain relief from tension or emotional discomfort; called also emotional dependence.
substance dependence drug dependence.

physical dependence

substance dependence in which there is evidence of tolerance, withdrawal, or both.

physical dependence

Substance abuse A physiologic state of neuro-adaptation to a specific opioid, characterized by a withdrawal syndrome if the drug is stopped or ↓ abruptly, or if an antagonist administered; PD may be relieved partly or completely by readministration of the substance. See Addiction, Tolerance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Physical therapy and exercise can be difficult for patients with moderate to severe pain, epidural injections may only provide short-lived improvement of the pain and medications have associated grave side effects and social stigma, including physical dependency and constipation.
It's not necessarily a physical dependency with cannabis, it's more psychological.
Cellular devices can lead to a heightened sense of anxiety in children, to isolation and feelings of psychological and physical dependency.
There is this perfectly composed, yet subtle, juxtaposition of how physical dependency is no match for a clever and confident tongue.
Because of increased levels of physical dependency many spend more time in their homes.
The misuse of drugs can lead to physical dependency or psychological dependency.
Then they turn to case studies to illustrate such elements as identifying and realizing communicative potential in early isolated states, from distress and agitation to humor and joy, and physical dependency and creative partnership.
Nicotine is known to cause chemical changes in the brain that make nicotine addiction a physical dependency.
The fact that tolerance and withdrawal are Listed as the first two criteria in the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV criteria for substance dependence (see Table 1), a commonly used diagnostic tool, has contributed to a general perception that physical dependency implies addiction.
Vulnerability factors included adult and child abuse history, physical dependency, health behavior, sexual and body-esteem, and substance abuse.
Conclusions: Oral supplement of copper and zinc amino acid chelates appeared to reduce the physical dependency for ethanol.
The progressive illness can lead to total physical dependency but Lucy's happy outlook and unwavering resolve has always shone through such uncertainties.