However, Makkar and Becker  reported that the presence of a cocktail of anti-nutritional factors like phorbol esters
, saponins, tannins, phytates, lectins, hydrocyanides and oxalates prevent its use in animal feeding; phorbol ester
is considered the most toxic compound.
Dietary conjugated linoleic acid modulation of phorbol ester
skin tumor promotion.
Induction of tumors of the liver, lung, ovary and adrenal in adult mice after brief maternal gestational exposure to inorganic arsenic: promotional effects of postnatal phorbol ester
exposure on hepatic and pulmonary, but not dermal cancers.
suppress the gene expression and production of airway MUC5AC mucin induced by phorbol ester
and growth factor.
2013) while three white- rot fungi (Bjerkandera adusta Ganoderma resinaceum and Phlebia rufa) could remove phorbol ester
Although Jatropha oils and surplus agriculture residues are listed as promising options for feedstock for production of non-food biofuels, Jatropha contain toxic materials such as phorbol ester
, so their detoxification is needed for utilization as biofuels.
damicomis were induced to metamorphose by the phorbol ester
TPA at concentrations between [10.
A novel phorbol ester
, 12-deoxyphorbol 13-(3E,5E-decadienoate), with anti-human immunodeficiency virus properties, has been described from leaves and stems of the plant (Erickson et al.
DAT phosphorylation is stimulated in response to PKC activation via phorbol ester
stimulation but the effects of phosphorylation on DAT function remain unclear.
Taspine, two aporphinic alkaloids, the diterpenes 9(11)-dehydrokaurenic acid, hardwikiic acid, the corresponding new 12-oxo derivative as well as five clerodanes and a phorbol ester
were also isolated.
In a major step toward understanding how air pollutants injure the lungs and trigger the cascade of molecular events leading to lung cancer, scientists at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health have spelled out the molecular process whereby a tumor-promoting toxin, phorbol ester
, can activate a gene called SPRR1.
Immunodeficiency of aging: restorative effects of phorbol ester
combined with calcium ionophore.