phlebotomus fever

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phlebotomus fever

 [flĕ-bot´o-mus]
a febrile viral disease of short duration, transmitted by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii, with symptoms like those of dengue, occurring in Mediterranean and Middle East countries. Called also sandfly fever.

phle·bot·o·mus fe·ver

an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of southern Europe, caused by several viruses in the family Bunyaviridae apparently introduced by the bite of the sandfly, Phlebotomus papatasii; symptoms resemble those of dengue but are less severe and of shorter duration.

phlebotomus fever

(flĭ-bŏt′ə-məs)

phlebotomus fever

[fləbot′əməs]
Etymology: Gk, phleps + tomos, cutting; L, febris, fever
an acute mild infection caused by one of five distinct arboviruses transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected sandfly, characterized by rapidly developing fever, headache, eye pain, conjunctivitis, myalgia, and occasionally a macular or urticarial rash. Aseptic meningitis also may occur. The disease is widespread in hot, dry areas where sandflies abound, and it has been seen in Panama and Brazil. Phlebotomus fever is self-limited, no fatalities have been recorded, and no specific therapy is available. Bed rest, fluids, and aspirin are recommended. A second attack may occur a few weeks after the first. Also called ephemeral fever, pappataci fever, sandfly fever, three-day fever.
An acute, self-limited viral infection caused by 5 serotypes of Arbovirus, in the Mediterranean rim, eastern Africa and Central Asia during dry, hot weather

phlebotomus fever

An acute viral infection, transmitted by the fly Phlebotomus papatosii and characterized by fever, pains in the head and eyes, inflammation of the CONJUNCTIVA, LEUKOPENIA and general malaise. Also known as sandfly fever.

Pym,

Sir William, English physician, 1772-1861.
Pym fever - an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of Southern Europe, apparently caused by the bite of the sandfly. Synonym(s): phlebotomus fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic characterization of Bhanja virus and Palma virus, two tick-borne phleboviruses.
We tested these sand flies for phleboviruses using previously described protocols (9).
Species and gender of sandflies processed for phleboviruses and Leishmania Species Sandflies Pools Male Female Male Female P.
The vertebrate host competence studies reported here also demonstrate the potential host specificity that could have evolved over long periods concomitant with diversification of HRTV from other phleboviruses.
Sandfly-borne phleboviruses (family Bunyaviridae) are endemic in Mediterranean countries, and at least 3 serotypes are associated with disease in humans: TOSV, SFNV, and SFSV.
Genetic characterization showed that the virus is closely related to 2 newly discovered tick-borne zoonotic phleboviruses (SFTSV and HRTV) that were responsible for severe disease and death in humans in 4 separate countries in Asia and North America.
The conclusion was based on our knowledge, at the time our manuscript was submitted, that in North America no other known phleboviruses of this expanded Uukuniemi group that contains SFTSV and HLV were reported to be cross-reactive with SFTSV.
SFTS bunyavirus (STFSV) appears to be transmitted by ticks, an unusual difference from other pathogenic phleboviruses, which are transmitted primarily by mosquitoes (3).
Of 249 pools processed, 8 strains of phleboviruses were isolated: 2 TOSV, 3 Punique virus, and 3 other phleboviruses currently being characterized.
The following viruses were considered: human enterovirus (HEV), herpesviruses, Toscana virus (TOSV), mumps virus, phleboviruses, flaviviruses, arenaviruses, and adenoviruses.
To the Editor: Phleboviruses (family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus) are arthropod-borne, single-stranded, RNA viruses.
The elevated IgM titer in the population in Corsica could indicate 1) recent virus contacts; 2) recent infections with a new TOSV strain circulating in Corsica; or 3) presence of related phleboviruses that are inducing cross-reactivity in the N protein-based IgM ELISA.