phlebotomus fever

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phlebotomus fever

 [flĕ-bot´o-mus]
a febrile viral disease of short duration, transmitted by the sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii, with symptoms like those of dengue, occurring in Mediterranean and Middle East countries. Called also sandfly fever.

phle·bot·o·mus fe·ver

an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of southern Europe, caused by several viruses in the family Bunyaviridae apparently introduced by the bite of the sandfly, Phlebotomus papatasii; symptoms resemble those of dengue but are less severe and of shorter duration.

phlebotomus fever

(flĭ-bŏt′ə-məs)

phlebotomus fever

[fləbot′əməs]
Etymology: Gk, phleps + tomos, cutting; L, febris, fever
an acute mild infection caused by one of five distinct arboviruses transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected sandfly, characterized by rapidly developing fever, headache, eye pain, conjunctivitis, myalgia, and occasionally a macular or urticarial rash. Aseptic meningitis also may occur. The disease is widespread in hot, dry areas where sandflies abound, and it has been seen in Panama and Brazil. Phlebotomus fever is self-limited, no fatalities have been recorded, and no specific therapy is available. Bed rest, fluids, and aspirin are recommended. A second attack may occur a few weeks after the first. Also called ephemeral fever, pappataci fever, sandfly fever, three-day fever.
An acute, self-limited viral infection caused by 5 serotypes of Arbovirus, in the Mediterranean rim, eastern Africa and Central Asia during dry, hot weather

phlebotomus fever

An acute viral infection, transmitted by the fly Phlebotomus papatosii and characterized by fever, pains in the head and eyes, inflammation of the CONJUNCTIVA, LEUKOPENIA and general malaise. Also known as sandfly fever.

Pym,

Sir William, English physician, 1772-1861.
Pym fever - an infectious but not contagious disease occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and other parts of Southern Europe, apparently caused by the bite of the sandfly. Synonym(s): phlebotomus fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Species and gender of sandflies processed for phleboviruses and Leishmania Species Sandflies Pools Male Female Male Female P.
Prevalence of antibodies to phleboviruses within the sand fly fever Naples virus species in humans, Northern Greece.
The study findings also suggests that zoonotic phleboviruses genetically related to SFTSV, HRTV, and HIGV may be widely distributed in different parts of the world and that heightened international surveillance is needed to fully understand and appreciate the public health risk from these emerging viruses.
Our report shows that tickborne phleboviruses, which are closely related to SFTSV and HLV, may be more generally distributed in the midwestern United States and emphasizes the need to substantiate our serologic evidence with virus isolation and genomic characterization, which are underway.
Characterization of the Bhanja serogroup viruses (Bunya-viridae): a novel species of the genus Phlebovirus and its relationship with other emerging tick-borne phleboviruses.
Phleboviruses have been detected in Greece in clinically ill persons and in sandflies; seroprevalance in humans is high, especially in the Ionian islands (3-7).
Nested reverse transcription-PCR using degenerate primers was applied to amplify a 222-bp fragment of the large RNA segment of phleboviruses (9).
Both are phleboviruses transmitted by the bite of arthropods that could also be implied as amplifier hosts; however, because TOSV is believed not to be amplified on its mammalian hosts, it seems that the RVFV cycle includes mammals.
Studies on the antigenic relationship among phleboviruses.
Together with homologous sequences of selected phleboviruses, the 3 sequences determined in this study were used to perform genetic distance comparison and phylogenetic analysis.
A variety of primers targeting different genes were used: primers specific for TOSV in the polymerase gene (10) and primers designed in this study from the alignment of nucleoprotein sequences of selected phleboviruses (retrieved from GenBank) specific for the species Sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV-S1 [5'-CTTYTTRTCYTCYC TRGTGAAGAA-3'], SFNV-R1 [5'-ATGATGAAGAARA TGTCAGAGAA-3'], SFNV-S2 [5'-GCRGCCATRTTKG GYTTTTCAAA-3'], SFNV-R2 [5'-CCTGGCAGRGACA CYATCAC-3']).
His research interests include arthropodbome and rodentbome viruses that cause disease in humans, with a special interest in emerging and reemerging viruses such as flaviviruses, arenaviruses, and phleboviruses.