clinical pharmacology

(redirected from Pharmacology, clinical)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

clin·i·cal phar·ma·col·o·gy

the branch of pharmacology concerned with the pharmacology of therapeutic agents in the prevention, treatment, and control of disease in humans.

clinical pharmacology

The science that studies the characteristics, effects, properties, reactions and uses of drugs—especially their therapeutic effect in humans—including toxicology, safety, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.

clin·i·cal phar·ma·col·o·gy

(klini-kăl fahrmă-kolŏ-jē)
Branch of pharmacology concerned with the pharmacology of therapeutic agents.

clinical

1. pertaining to a clinic or to the bedside and therefore carried out on the living animal.
2. pertaining to or founded on actual observation and treatment of patients, as distinguished from theoretical or experimental.
3. productive of clinical signs; thus clinical disease as distinct from subclinical.

clinical data storage
storage of clinical data about patients; may be paper or computerized.
clinical decision analysis
the application of clinical, epidemiological and other data to influence outome probability and alternative decisions in such areas as surgery and pharmaceutical treatment.
clinical epidemiologist
an epidemiologist who sees patients and herds in a clinical capacity but with an epidemiological viewpoint. An investigator of clinical problems affecting populations.
clinical epidemiology
the application by a veterinarian who provides direct patient care of epidemiological methods to the study of diagnosis and therapeutics in order to promote efficiency in clinical care.
clinical examination
an examination of a patient including taking the history, physical examination by palpation, auscultation and percussion, clinicopathological examination and examination of the environment.
clinical judgment
exerted while the patient is still alive; the critical decisions made on the basis of scientific observations but with the added skill provided by long experience of similar cases. To this must be added an innate ability to make balanced judgments based not only on the state of the animal and its predictable future but also on some consideration for the patient's overall well-being and the client's financial status and degree of psychological, or in some cases actual, dependence on the patient.
clinical nomenclature
a catalog of the names given to diseases and problems of animals; usually alphabetical, may be numerical. Should contain keywords (including key diagnoses and key signs) and synonyms with each list related to the other. Because of the need to sort banks of clinical data into categories it is essential that recording be accurate and that the catalog be limited—a policy of limited vocabulary.
clinical pathologist
a veterinarian skilled in clinical pathology.
clinical pathology
the examination of diseased tissues, fluids or other materials from a living patient, using all of the techniques available including chemistry, hematology, enzymology, cytology, microbiology, parasitology, protozoology, immunology and histopathology.
clinical pharmacology
the study of the actions and metabolism of drugs in living animals.
clinical policies
professional rules of thumb which are used to decide on the management of a case when there are no research results on which to base decisions. They are policies originated by the senior members of the profession, especially those in academic posts.
clinical propedeutics
preliminary training in the clinical sciences; the introduction to veterinary medicine, surgery and animal reproduction.
clinical qualifiers
adjectives used to qualify diagnoses using terms from within a group of standard variables, e.g. chronic or acute, ovine or bovine, benign or malignant, clinical or latent.
clinical record
the record, made at the time, of clinical examinations, treatments and advice given, complete with dates, names of individuals concerned and drugs or tests used. The record is desirable for the purpose of evaluating the patient's progress, and essential from the legal point of view if arguments should arise about competence or justness of charges made.
clinical signs
the abnormalities of structure or function observed in the patient by the veterinarian or the client. These are customarily graded according to severity, e.g. severe, moderate, mild, and according to speed of onset and progress, e.g. peracute, acute, subacute, chronic, intermittent.
clinical trials
a planned experiment, conducted in the field, designed to test the efficacy of a treatment in herds of animals by comparing the outcome under the test treatment with that observed in a comparable group of animal herds receiving a control treatment.
clinical vocabulary
a catalog of terms approved for use in the description of clinical signs and problems, and for the definition of diagnoses and diseases.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most recently, Dr Chodakewitz spent over 20 years at Merck Research Laboratories,leading clinical pharmacology, clinical development and programme regulatory strategy, including senior vice president of late-stage global development and vice president of early-stage development.
1] MD, PhD, National Retrovirus Reference Laboratory, University of Belgrade Faculty of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia; [2] MD, PhD, Institute of Infective and Tropical Disease 'Dr Kosta Todorovic', Professor, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Bulevar oslobodjenja 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia; [3] MD, PhD, Institute of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Associate Professor, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica P.
The state-of-the-art research and development (R&D) facility at Cadila Pharmaceuticals is manned by more than three hundred and fifty scientists and engineers from various disciplines including biology, pharmacology, clinical research, chemistry, toxicology, phytochemistry and different disciplines of engineering.
Features chapters from leading authors in the fields of psychiatry, pharmacology, clinical psychology, neuroscience, and emotion research
Freedman was at Merck Research Labs where he held various positions of increasing responsibility in Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical Oncology, and Experimental Medicine, conducting and supervising drug development programs, including those dealing with RNA interference modalities.
Committed to providing solutions that expedite time-to-market and peak- market penetration, PAREXEL has developed significant expertise across the development and commercialization continuum, from drug development and regulatory consulting to clinical pharmacology, clinical trials management, medical education and reimbursement.
Freedman was at Merck Research Labs for nearly five years where he held various positions of increasing responsibility in Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical Oncology, and Experimental Medicine conducting and supervising drug development programs.
Bernton has over 20 years experience in medical research and therapeutic product development specializing in Pharmacology, Clinical Immunology, Immunotoxicology, and Experimental Medicine.
The personnel of the company have unique competence in prostanoid chemistry, pharmacology, clinical research, regulatory and intellectual property matters.
GLP toxicology, animal pharmacology, clinical trials, risk sharing deals, etc.
He also served as associate director, Clinical Pharmacology, Central Research, Groton, Connecticut, and assistant director, Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical and Scientific Affairs for Pfizer, Inc.
The course is intended for clinical pharmacology, clinical development, marketing and R&D professionals, as well as regulators, physicians, attorneys, consultants, and others involved with the research-based drug industry.